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TAL Education Group (NYSE:XRS)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

TAL Education Group has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

XRS' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 8

4
8

During the past 6 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of TAL Education Group was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Aug14) TTM:Last Year (Aug13) TTM:
Net Income was 12.509 + 16.71 + 13.35 + 29.118 = $71.7 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 0 + 101.558 + 0 + 0 = $101.6 Mil.
Revenue was 73.53 + 86.999 + 89.026 + 122.371 = $371.9 Mil.
Gross Profit was 37.668 + 46.231 + 47.332 + 69.133 = $200.4 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Aug13)
to the end of this year (Aug14) was
(404.632 + 454.081 + 427.599 + 747.747 + 739.959) / 5 = $554.8 Mil.
Total Assets as of Aug13 was $404.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $578.2 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $226.2 Mil.
Net Income was 5.599 + 6.848 + 8.058 + 23.329 = $43.8 Mil.

Revenue was 48.905 + 59.648 + 61.398 + 91.968 = $261.9 Mil.
Gross Profit was 22.167 + 28.259 + 29.479 + 48.974 = $128.9 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Aug12)
to the end of last year (Aug13) was
(338.786 + 351.823 + 316.042 + 0 + 404.632) / 5 = $282.3 Mil.
Total Assets as of Aug12 was $338.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $311.8 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $174.4 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

TAL Education Group's current net income (ttm) was 71.7. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

TAL Education Group's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 101.6. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Aug13)
=71.687/404.632
=0.17716592

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Aug12)
=43.834/338.786
=0.12938551

TAL Education Group's return on assets of this year was 0.17716592. TAL Education Group's return on assets of last year was 0.12938551. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

TAL Education Group's current net income (ttm) was 71.7. TAL Education Group's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 101.6. ==> 101.6 > 71.7 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Aug14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Aug13 to Aug14
=0/554.8036
=0

Gearing (Last Year: Aug13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Aug12 to Aug13
=0/282.2566
=0

TAL Education Group's gearing of this year was 0. TAL Education Group's gearing of last year was 0. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Aug14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=578.186/226.2
=2.55608311

Current Ratio (Last Year: Aug13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=311.758/174.386
=1.78774672

TAL Education Group's current ratio of this year was 2.55608311. TAL Education Group's current ratio of last year was 1.78774672. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

TAL Education Group's number of shares in issue this year was 90.6. TAL Education Group's number of shares in issue last year was 79.9. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=200.364/371.926
=0.53872007

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=128.879/261.919
=0.4920567

TAL Education Group's gross margin of this year was 0.53872007. TAL Education Group's gross margin of last year was 0.4920567. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by begining of the year total assets) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Aug13)
=371.926/404.632
=0.919171

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Aug12)
=261.919/338.786
=0.77311046

TAL Education Group's asset turnover of this year was 0.919171. TAL Education Group's asset turnover of last year was 0.77311046. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+0+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

TAL Education Group has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

TAL Education Group Annual Data

Feb09Feb10Feb11Feb12Feb13Feb14
Q1 11
Q2 11
Q3 11
Q4 11
Q5 11
Q6 00
Q7 00
Q8 11
Q9 01
F-score 67

TAL Education Group Quarterly Data

May12Aug12Nov12Feb13May13Aug13Nov13Feb14May14Aug14
Q1 1111111
Q2 1111111
Q3 0011111
Q4 1111111
Q5 1111111
Q6 0000101
Q7 0000000
Q8 0111111
Q9 0000111
F-score 0456068778
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