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TAL Education Group (NYSE:XRS)
Piotroski F-Score
2 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 2 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

TAL Education Group has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

XRS' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1   Max: 8
Current: 2

1
8

During the past 7 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of TAL Education Group was 8. The lowest was 1. And the median was 4.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Nov15) TTM:Last Year (Nov14) TTM:
Net Income was 13.729 + 18.954 + 63.481 + 9.585 = $105.7 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0.0 Mil.
Revenue was 123.205 + 129.387 + 173.33 + 142.183 = $568.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 64.019 + 68.416 + 92.875 + 68.748 = $294.1 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Nov14)
to the end of this year (Nov15) was
(829.39 + 772.415 + 955.229 + 958.584 + 1084.668) / 5 = $920.0572 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Nov14) was $829.4 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $227.4 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $633.0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $435.4 Mil.
Net Income was 16.71 + 13.35 + 29.118 + 10.959 = $70.1 Mil.

Revenue was 86.999 + 89.026 + 122.371 + 99.368 = $397.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 46.231 + 47.332 + 69.133 + 50.412 = $213.1 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Nov13)
to the end of last year (Nov14) was
(454.081 + 427.599 + 747.747 + 739.959 + 829.39) / 5 = $639.7552 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Nov13) was $454.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $225.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $610.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $299.4 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

TAL Education Group's current net income (TTM) was 105.7. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

TAL Education Group's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 0.0. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Nov14)
=105.749/829.39
=0.12750214

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Nov13)
=70.137/454.081
=0.15445923

TAL Education Group's return on assets of this year was 0.12750214. TAL Education Group's return on assets of last year was 0.15445923. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

TAL Education Group's current net income (TTM) was 105.7. TAL Education Group's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 0.0. ==> 0.0 <= 105.7 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Nov15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Nov14 to Nov15
=227.378/920.0572
=0.24713463

Gearing (Last Year: Nov14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Nov13 to Nov14
=225.627/639.7552
=0.35267709

TAL Education Group's gearing of this year was 0.24713463. TAL Education Group's gearing of last year was 0.35267709. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Nov15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=632.967/435.385
=1.45380985

Current Ratio (Last Year: Nov14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=610.404/299.434
=2.03852602

TAL Education Group's current ratio of this year was 1.45380985. TAL Education Group's current ratio of last year was 2.03852602. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

TAL Education Group's number of shares in issue this year was 82.6. TAL Education Group's number of shares in issue last year was 82.4. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=294.058/568.105
=0.51761206

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=213.108/397.764
=0.53576493

TAL Education Group's gross margin of this year was 0.51761206. TAL Education Group's gross margin of last year was 0.53576493. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Nov14)
=568.105/829.39
=0.68496727

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Nov13)
=397.764/454.081
=0.87597587

TAL Education Group's asset turnover of this year was 0.68496727. TAL Education Group's asset turnover of last year was 0.87597587. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+0+0+0+1+0+0+0+0
=2

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

TAL Education Group has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

TAL Education Group Annual Data

Feb13Feb14Feb15
Question 1 111
Question 2 000
Question 3 110
Question 4 000
Question 5 110
Question 6 001
Question 7 000
Question 8 111
Question 9 011
F-score 454

TAL Education Group Quarterly Data

Nov13Feb14May14Aug14Nov14Feb15May15Aug15Nov15Feb16
Question 1 11111111
Question 2 00000000
Question 3 11110000
Question 4 00000000
Question 5 11100011
Question 6 10111000
Question 7 00000000
Question 8 11111000
Question 9 11111000
F-score 65654122
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