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YRC Worldwide Inc (NAS:YRCW)
Piotroski F-Score
4 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

YRC Worldwide Inc has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

YRCW' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 4

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of YRC Worldwide Inc was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Net Income was -70.2 + 0.4 + -44.4 + -15.1 = $-129 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -56.2 + 15.1 + 15.2 + -4.3 = $-30 Mil.
Revenue was 1210.9 + 1207.7 + 1252.7 + 1242.5 = $4,914 Mil.
Gross Profit was 795.3 + 795.9 + 829.3 + 831 = $3,252 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar13) was $2,201 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,215 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,098 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $949 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $756 Mil.
Net Income was -24.5 + -35.3 + 3 + -22.6 = $-79 Mil.

Revenue was 1162.5 + 1168.6 + 1236.8 + 1250.8 = $4,819 Mil.
Gross Profit was 779.8 + 778 + 834.6 + 838.7 = $3,231 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar12) was $2,481 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,201 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,296 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $791 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $680 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

YRC Worldwide Inc's current net income was -129. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

YRC Worldwide Inc's current cash flow from operations was -30. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=-129.3/2200.9
=-0.05874869

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=-79.4/2481.47
=-0.03199716

YRC Worldwide Inc's return on assets of this year was -0.05874869. YRC Worldwide Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.03199716. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

YRC Worldwide Inc's current net income was -129. YRC Worldwide Inc's current cash flow from operations was -30. ==> -30 > -129 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1097.5/2215.1
=0.49546296

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1296/2200.9
=0.58885002

YRC Worldwide Inc's gearing of this year was 0.49546296. YRC Worldwide Inc's gearing of last year was 0.58885002. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=949.1/755.5
=1.25625414

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=790.8/679.7
=1.16345447

YRC Worldwide Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.25625414. YRC Worldwide Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.16345447. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

YRC Worldwide Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 22.3. YRC Worldwide Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 8.4. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3251.5/4913.8
=0.66170784

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3231.1/4818.7
=0.67053355

YRC Worldwide Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.66170784. YRC Worldwide Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.67053355. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=4913.8/2200.9
=2.23263211

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=4818.7/2481.47
=1.94187316

YRC Worldwide Inc's asset turnover of this year was 2.23263211. YRC Worldwide Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.94187316. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=0+0+0+1+1+1+0+0+1
=4

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

YRC Worldwide Inc has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

YRC Worldwide Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1110000000
Q2 1111101001
Q3 1100011011
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1011000000
Q6 0110010111
Q7 0011110000
Q8 0001011010
Q9 0100101111
F-score 5665455355

YRC Worldwide Inc Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
Q1 0000000000
Q2 0110000110
Q3 0001111110
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0000000101
Q6 1110100011
Q7 0000000100
Q8 0001111100
Q9 1111111111
F-score 3444544754
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