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Zimmer Holdings Inc (NYSE:ZMH)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Zimmer Holdings Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

ZMH' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 5   Max: 9
Current: 5

5
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Zimmer Holdings Inc was 9. The lowest was 5. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Net Income was 221.5 + 235.9 + 154.4 + 152.1 = $764 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 188.8 + 300.2 + 292.7 + 189.7 = $971 Mil.
Revenue was 1161.5 + 1240.7 + 1074.3 + 1169.5 = $4,646 Mil.
Gross Profit was 856.1 + 899.9 + 745.5 + 845.9 = $3,347 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar13) was $8,745 Mil.
Total Assets was $9,380 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,680 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,047 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $919 Mil.
Net Income was 218.6 + 152.8 + 178.1 + 214.5 = $764 Mil.

Revenue was 1138.9 + 1180.5 + 1025.5 + 1125 = $4,470 Mil.
Gross Profit was 846 + 881.6 + 769.8 + 843.1 = $3,341 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar12) was $8,604 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,745 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,703 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,464 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $763 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Zimmer Holdings Inc's current net income was 764. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Zimmer Holdings Inc's current cash flow from operations was 971. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=763.9/8744.6
=0.08735677

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=764/8603.7
=0.08879901

Zimmer Holdings Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.08735677. Zimmer Holdings Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.08879901. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Zimmer Holdings Inc's current net income was 764. Zimmer Holdings Inc's current cash flow from operations was 971. ==> 971 > 764 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1680.1/9380.1
=0.17911323

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1702.8/8744.6
=0.19472589

Zimmer Holdings Inc's gearing of this year was 0.17911323. Zimmer Holdings Inc's gearing of last year was 0.19472589. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=4046.7/918.7
=4.40481115

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3464/763.3
=4.53818944

Zimmer Holdings Inc's current ratio of this year was 4.40481115. Zimmer Holdings Inc's current ratio of last year was 4.53818944. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Zimmer Holdings Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 171.8. Zimmer Holdings Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 170.7. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3347.4/4646
=0.72049074

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3340.5/4469.9
=0.74733216

Zimmer Holdings Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.72049074. Zimmer Holdings Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.74733216. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=4646/8744.6
=0.53129932

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=4469.9/8603.7
=0.51953229

Zimmer Holdings Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.53129932. Zimmer Holdings Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.51953229. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+1+0+0+0+1
=5

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Zimmer Holdings Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Zimmer Holdings Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0110000100
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1101001001
Q6 1111111010
Q7 0011111111
Q8 1110011010
Q9 0011000100
F-score 6787567665

Zimmer Holdings Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1110000001
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0000011111
Q6 0111100000
Q7 1111111100
Q8 0001100000
Q9 1000000010
F-score 6666655550
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