Switch to:

Warning: array_slice() expects parameter 1 to be array, null given in /home/gurufocu/public_html/term.php on line 4767

Warning: array_sum() expects parameter 1 to be array, null given in /home/gurufocu/public_html/term.php on line 4767

Warning: array_slice() expects parameter 1 to be array, null given in /home/gurufocu/public_html/term.php on line 4793

Warning: array_sum() expects parameter 1 to be array, null given in /home/gurufocu/public_html/term.php on line 4793
(:)
Graham Number
\$0.00 (As of . 20)

Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today, the stock price of is \$. 's graham number for the quarter that ended in . 20 was \$0.00. Therefore, 's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is .

NOVL' s 10-Year Price to Graham Number Range
Min: 0   Max: 0
Current: 0

During the past 0 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of was . The lowest was . And the median was .

NOVL's Price to Graham Number is ranked lower than
100% of the Companies
in the Global industry.

( Industry Median: vs. NOVL: )

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.

Definition

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in . 20 is calculated as

 Graham Number = SquareRoot of (22.5 * Tangible Book Value per Share * Earnings Per Share) = SquareRoot of (22.5 * (Total Equity - Intangibles) * Net Income (Continuing Operations)) / Shares Outstanding = SquareRoot of (22.5 * ( - ) * ) / 0 = 0.00

's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in . 20 is calculated as

 Graham Number = SquareRoot of (22.5 * Tangible Book Value per Share * Earnings Per Share) = SquareRoot of (22.5 * (Total Equity - Intangibles) * Net Income (Continuing Operations)) / Shares Outstanding = SquareRoot of (22.5 * ( - ) * ) / 0 = 0.00

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

 Price to Graham number = Share Price (Today) / Graham number (Q: . 20 ) = / 0.00 =

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Be Aware

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.

Related Terms

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Annual Data

 grahamnumber 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Semi-Annual Data

 grahamnumber 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to \$400 per referral. ( Learn More)