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Air Products & Chemicals Inc (NYSE:APD)
Gross Margin
33.06% (As of Sep. 2016)

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. Air Products & Chemicals Inc's gross profit for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $814 Mil. Air Products & Chemicals Inc's revenue for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $2,463 Mil. Therefore, Air Products & Chemicals Inc's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 was 33.06%.

APD' s Gross Margin Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 26.13   Max: 32.78
Current: 32.75

26.13
32.78

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of Air Products & Chemicals Inc was 32.78%. The lowest was 26.13%. And the median was 26.74%.

APD's Gross Margin is ranked higher than
67% of the 1086 Companies
in the Global Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 25.29 vs. APD: 32.75 )

Air Products & Chemicals Inc had a gross margin of 33.06% for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 => Competition eroding margins

The 5-Year average Growth Rate of Gross Margin for Air Products & Chemicals Inc was 4.10% per year.


Definition

Gross Margin is the percentage of Gross Profit out of sales or Revenue.

Air Products & Chemicals Inc's Gross Margin for the fiscal year that ended in Sep. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Margin (A: Sep. 2016 )=Gross Profit (A: Sep. 2016 ) / Revenue (A: Sep. 2016 )
=3121.7 / 9524.4
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=(9524.4 - 6402.7) / 9524.4
=32.78 %

Air Products & Chemicals Inc's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Margin (Q: Sep. 2016 )=Gross Profit (Q: Sep. 2016 ) / Revenue (Q: Sep. 2016 )
=814.3 / 2463
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=(2463 - 1648.7) / 2463
=33.06 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

Air Products & Chemicals Inc had a gross margin of 33.06% for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 => Competition eroding margins


Be Aware

If a company loses its competitive advantages, usually its gross margin declines well before its sales declines. Watching Gross Margin and Operating Margin closely helps avoid value trap situations.


Related Terms

Operating Margin, Cost of Goods Sold, Gross Profit, Revenue


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Air Products & Chemicals Inc Annual Data

Sep07Sep08Sep09Sep10Sep11Sep12Sep13Sep14Sep15Sep16
Gross Margin 26.6626.1326.8227.9526.6226.6326.6026.8629.8732.78

Air Products & Chemicals Inc Quarterly Data

Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16
Gross Margin 27.1727.8128.5029.6730.5630.7632.1733.1232.6633.06
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