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TSR, Inc. (NAS:TSRI)
Gross Margin
15.91% (As of Feb. 2014)

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. TSR, Inc.'s gross profit for the three months ended in Feb. 2014 was $1.93 Mil. TSR, Inc.'s revenue for the three months ended in Feb. 2014 was $12.13 Mil. Therefore, TSR, Inc.'s Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Feb. 2014 was 15.91%.

Warning Sign:

TSR, Inc. gross margin has been in long term decline. The average rate of decline per year is -2.1%.

TSRI' s 10-Year Gross Margin Range
Min: 16.4   Max: 27.72
Current: 16.4

16.4
27.72

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of TSR, Inc. was 27.72%. The lowest was 16.40%. And the median was 21.68%.

TSRI's Gross Marginis ranked lower than
100% of the Companies
in the Global Software - Application industry.

( Industry Median: vs. TSRI: 16.40 )

TSR, Inc. had a gross margin of 15.91% for the quarter that ended in Feb. 2014 => No sustainable competitive advantage

The 3-Year average Growth Rate of Gross Margin for TSR, Inc. was -2.10% per year.


Definition

Gross Margin is the percentage of Gross Profit out of sales or Revenue.

TSR, Inc.'s Gross Margin for the fiscal year that ended in May. 2013 is calculated as

Gross Margin (A: May. 2013 )=Gross Profit (A: May. 2013 ) / Revenue (A: May. 2013 )
=7.4 / 44.914
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=(44.914 - 37.549) / 44.914
=16.40 %

TSR, Inc.'s Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Feb. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Margin (Q: Feb. 2014 )=Gross Profit (Q: Feb. 2014 ) / Revenue (Q: Feb. 2014 )
=1.9 / 12.128
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=(12.128 - 10.199) / 12.128
=15.91 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

TSR, Inc. had a gross margin of 15.91% for the quarter that ended in Feb. 2014 => No sustainable competitive advantage


Be Aware

If a company loses its competitive advantages, usually its gross margin declines well before its sales declines. Watching Gross Margin and Operating Margin closely helps avoid value trap situations.


Related Terms

Operating Margin, Cost of Goods Sold, Gross Profit, Revenue


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

TSR, Inc. Annual Data

May04May05May06May07May08May09May10May11May12May13
Gross Margin 22.1721.6619.4318.4218.2117.9517.6818.2816.5116.40

TSR, Inc. Quarterly Data

Nov11Feb12May12Aug12Nov12Feb13May13Aug13Nov13Feb14
Gross Margin 17.0015.5116.6916.3916.6215.6116.8917.3616.9815.91
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