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AbbVie Inc (NYSE:ABBV)
Beneish M-Score
-2.69 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

AbbVie Inc has a M-score of -2.69 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ABBV' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -2.71   Max: -2.69
Current: -2.69

-2.71
-2.69

During the past 5 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of AbbVie Inc was -2.69. The lowest was -2.71. And the median was -2.69.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of AbbVie Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9874+0.528 * 0.9983+0.404 * 0.8488+0.892 * 1.0279+0.115 * 1.1999
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0406+4.679 * -0.0407-0.327 * 0.9453
=-2.69

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $3,811 Mil.
Revenue was 4926 + 4563 + 5111 + 4658 = $19,258 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3813 + 3463 + 3829 + 3566 = $14,671 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $17,794 Mil.
Total Assets was $29,045 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,387 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $835 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $5,497 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $6,317 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $14,470 Mil.
Net Income was 1098 + 980 + 1128 + 964 = $4,170 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 13 + 0 + -28 + -16 = $-31 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 1717 + 624 + 1245 + 1798 = $5,384 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $3,755 Mil.
Revenue was 4692 + 4329 + 5205.795 + 4508.454 = $18,735 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3638 + 3176 + 3940.468 + 3494.377 = $14,249 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $15,662 Mil.
Total Assets was $27,910 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,213 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $999 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $5,139 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $6,805 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $14,326 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(3811 / 19258) / (3755 / 18735.249)
=0.19789179 / 0.20042434
=0.9874

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(3463 / 18735.249) / (3813 / 19258)
=0.76053673 / 0.76181327
=0.9983

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (17794 + 2387) / 29045) / (1 - (15662 + 2213) / 27910)
=0.30518161 / 0.35954855
=0.8488

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=19258 / 18735.249
=1.0279

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(998.665 / (998.665 + 2213)) / (835 / (835 + 2387))
=0.31094931 / 0.2591558
=1.1999

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(5497 / 19258) / (5139.103 / 18735.249)
=0.28543982 / 0.27430129
=1.0406

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((14470 + 6317) / 29045) / ((14326 + 6805) / 27910)
=0.71568256 / 0.75711215
=0.9453

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(4170 - -31 - 5384) / 29045
=-0.0407

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

AbbVie Inc has a M-score of -2.69 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

AbbVie Inc Annual Data

Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.0931
GMI 0.9981
AQI 0.8901
SGI 1.0223
DEPI 1.2058
SGAI 1.0494
LVGI 0.9148
TATA -0.0714
M-score -2.71

AbbVie Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
DSRI 1.09311.04030.9874
GMI 0.99810.99340.9983
AQI 0.89010.84890.8488
SGI 1.02231.02631.0279
DEPI 1.20581.19641.1999
SGAI 1.04941.06751.0406
LVGI 0.91480.91410.9453
TATA -0.0721-0.0534-0.0407
M-score -2.71-2.69-2.69
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