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American Electric Power Co Inc (NYSE:AEP)
Beneish M-Score
0.00 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

American Electric Power Co Inc has a M-score of signals that the company is a manipulator.

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of American Electric Power Co Inc was 0.00. The lowest was 0.00. And the median was 0.00.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of American Electric Power Co Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * +0.528 * +0.404 * +0.892 * +0.115 *
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * +4.679 * -0.327 *
=

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep15) TTM:Last Year (Sep14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,706 Mil.
Revenue was 4432 + 3942 + 4708 + 4461 = $17,543 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2746 + 2585 + 2919 + 2954 = $11,204 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,548 Mil.
Total Assets was $61,099 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $45,238 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $2,039 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $7,058 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $17,600 Mil.
Net Income was 519 + 430 + 629 + 191 = $1,769 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 34 + 43 + 38 + 40 = $155 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 1707 + 946 + 1257 + 898 = $4,808 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,665 Mil.
Revenue was 4161 + 4044 + 4648 + 3773 = $16,626 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2632 + 2528 + 2842 + 2424 = $10,426 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,111 Mil.
Total Assets was $57,925 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $43,064 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $1,851 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $7,457 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $15,677 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1706 / 17543) / (1665 / 16626)
=0.09724677 / 0.10014435
=

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(2585 / 16626) / (2746 / 17543)
=0.6270901 / 0.63865929
=

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (4548 + 45238) / 61099) / (1 - (4111 + 43064) / 57925)
=0.18515851 / 0.18558481
=

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=17543 / 16626
=

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(1851 / (1851 + 43064)) / (2039 / (2039 + 45238))
=0.04121118 / 0.04312879
=

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(0 / 17543) / (0 / 16626)
=0 / 0
=

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((17600 + 7058) / 61099) / ((15677 + 7457) / 57925)
=0.40357453 / 0.39937851
=

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(1769 - 155 - 4808) / 61099
=-0.0523

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

American Electric Power Co Inc has a M-score of signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

American Electric Power Co Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI
GMI
AQI
SGI
DEPI
SGAI
LVGI
TATA
M-score

American Electric Power Co Inc Quarterly Data

Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15
DSRI
GMI
AQI
SGI
DEPI
SGAI
LVGI
TATA
M-score
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