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Air T Inc (NAS:AIRT)
Beneish M-Score
-2.42 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Air T Inc has a M-score of -2.42 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

AIRT' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.76   Max: 9.57
Current: -2.42

-3.76
9.57

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Air T Inc was 9.57. The lowest was -3.76. And the median was -2.25.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Air T Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.1715+0.528 * 0.8579+0.404 * 1.245+0.892 * 1.0857+0.115 * 0.7491
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.1083+4.679 * -0.04-0.327 * 0.8814
=-2.42

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $16.7 Mil.
Revenue was 34.625 + 21.779 + 25.467 + 29.835 = $111.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 6.482 + 3.361 + 4.377 + 4.761 = $19.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $32.7 Mil.
Total Assets was $39.4 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $4.1 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $0.9 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $14.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $8.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1.3 Mil.
Net Income was 1.818 + 0.073 + 0.417 + 0.455 = $2.8 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0.012 + 0.026 + 0 = $0.0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 1.089 + -1.665 + -0.468 + 5.342 = $4.3 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $13.1 Mil.
Revenue was 24.19 + 21.28 + 30.711 + 26.703 = $102.9 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3.752 + 3.315 + 3.872 + 4.058 = $15.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $32.5 Mil.
Total Assets was $38.6 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $4.1 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $0.6 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $11.7 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $9.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.8 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(16.714 / 111.706) / (13.14 / 102.884)
=0.14962491 / 0.12771665
=1.1715

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(3.361 / 102.884) / (6.482 / 111.706)
=0.14576611 / 0.16991925
=0.8579

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (32.682 + 4.097) / 39.359) / (1 - (32.466 + 4.079) / 38.576)
=0.06555045 / 0.05264932
=1.245

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=111.706 / 102.884
=1.0857

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(0.614 / (0.614 + 4.079)) / (0.867 / (0.867 + 4.097))
=0.13083316 / 0.17465753
=0.7491

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(14.056 / 111.706) / (11.681 / 102.884)
=0.1258303 / 0.11353563
=1.1083

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1.331 + 8.121) / 39.359) / ((0.783 + 9.727) / 38.576)
=0.24014838 / 0.27244919
=0.8814

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(2.763 - 0.038 - 4.298) / 39.359
=-0.04

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Air T Inc has a M-score of -2.42 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Air T Inc Annual Data

Mar05Mar06Mar07Mar08Mar09Mar10Mar11Mar12Mar13Mar14
DSRI 1.37840.44061.00172.02990.71421.13230.8967
GMI 00.98960.99471.18671.11431.08830.879
AQI 1.0751.12430.80641.00170.83361.00590.9824
SGI 1.16491.15650.89421.02821.07221.15310.9778
DEPI 1.10540.95120.89341.0182.16360.81760.8383
SGAI 0.91440.95561.05880.96760.99840.86481.1622
LVGI 0.93380.79890.61441.46760.97370.96021.1114
TATA 0.1037-0.0989-0.05950.19450.0164-0.07470.0536
M-score -1.95-3.21-2.83-0.64-2.47-2.51-2.50

Air T Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
DSRI 1.37250.65980.77431.13231.02651.42961.04380.89670.87431.1715
GMI 1.1331.07211.04721.08831.02451.02611.01290.8790.89920.8579
AQI 0.72170.82690.81631.00591.01310.94971.08970.98241.3041.245
SGI 1.14621.03131.00571.15311.02621.10621.12710.97781.01421.0857
DEPI 0.9390.7270.61230.81961.3371.57281.5440.83830.64960.7491
SGAI 0.93551.02731.0340.8650.97960.91530.95871.16191.11991.1083
LVGI 1.16460.75131.05620.96021.28781.54251.09191.11140.98560.8814
TATA 0.0637-0.0452-0.072-0.0748-0.07440.08930.04850.05330.0798-0.04
M-score -1.80-2.96-3.14-2.51-2.81-1.68-2.02-2.50-2.20-2.42
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