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Andersons Inc (NAS:ANDE)
Beneish M-Score
-2.94 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Andersons Inc has a M-score of -2.94 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ANDE' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -5.33   Max: -0.43
Current: -2.94

-5.33
-0.43

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Andersons Inc was -0.43. The lowest was -5.33. And the median was -2.55.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Andersons Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0658+0.528 * 1.0403+0.404 * 1.0485+0.892 * 0.9285+0.115 * 0.9419
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.2893+4.679 * -0.0935-0.327 * 1.0037
=-2.94

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar16) TTM:Last Year (Mar15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $208 Mil.
Revenue was 887.879 + 1104.14 + 935.774 + 1208.492 = $4,136 Mil.
Gross Profit was 67.755 + 99.164 + 85.19 + 108.173 = $360 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,096 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,320 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $463 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $82 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $391 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $894 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $402 Mil.
Net Income was -14.696 + -47.028 + -1.227 + 31.092 = $-32 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -3.731 + -21.3 + 7.2 + 29.962 = $12 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -267.853 + 96.361 + 117.171 + 227.261 = $173 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $210 Mil.
Revenue was 918.225 + 1271.768 + 952.927 + 1312.082 = $4,455 Mil.
Gross Profit was 83.313 + 113.951 + 84.918 + 121.495 = $404 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,174 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,288 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $398 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $66 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $327 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $951 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $323 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(207.74 / 4136.285) / (209.928 / 4455.002)
=0.05022381 / 0.04712186
=1.0658

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(99.164 / 4455.002) / (67.755 / 4136.285)
=0.09061208 / 0.0871028
=1.0403

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1096.102 + 462.661) / 2319.638) / (1 - (1173.75 + 398.234) / 2287.627)
=0.32801454 / 0.31283203
=1.0485

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=4136.285 / 4455.002
=0.9285

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(65.672 / (65.672 + 398.234)) / (81.835 / (81.835 + 462.661))
=0.14156316 / 0.15029495
=0.9419

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(390.838 / 4136.285) / (326.5 / 4455.002)
=0.0944901 / 0.07328841
=1.2893

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((402.36 + 894.291) / 2319.638) / ((323.258 + 950.794) / 2287.627)
=0.55898851 / 0.5569317
=1.0037

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-31.859 - 12.131 - 172.94) / 2319.638
=-0.0935

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Andersons Inc has a M-score of -2.94 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Andersons Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
DSRI 1.04770.74260.81011.25340.98910.81671.08160.78331.29931.0096
GMI 1.07571.40991.36370.87491.01761.07651.13541.04210.7450.9772
AQI 1.72352.27951.04741.12360.84791.08040.92561.21161.01131.1107
SGI 1.12451.63171.46670.8671.12181.34841.1521.06310.81010.9248
DEPI 0.99990.4481.05780.91931.04471.08321.57490.96130.95390.8909
SGAI 0.91650.65650.7291.26520.87450.86980.93561.06071.41381.321
LVGI 0.87841.1240.9490.93351.06920.90921.09220.92440.93251.0008
TATA 0.08780.1345-0.2216-0.14670.145-0.141-0.1284-0.1455-0.0033-0.0803
M-score -1.53-0.84-2.99-3.10-1.75-2.86-2.78-3.19-2.57-2.95

Andersons Inc Quarterly Data

Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16
DSRI 0.78330.98320.97571.06521.29931.30981.46911.39141.01731.0658
GMI 1.04210.95610.82970.75160.7450.75020.83590.89810.96981.0403
AQI 1.21162.0571.13050.94221.01131.10661.08221.19091.11071.0485
SGI 1.06310.98690.8980.85120.81010.83490.85640.89320.91770.9285
DEPI 0.96130.65191.02951.00630.95390.87180.99260.95780.89090.9419
SGAI 1.06071.17041.34031.38771.41381.36061.29031.25031.33111.2893
LVGI 0.92440.8810.87240.93610.93250.98811.0440.99771.00081.0037
TATA -0.1455-0.0883-0.0847-0.1583-0.0033-0.0895-0.0930.0205-0.0803-0.0935
M-score -3.19-2.55-3.04-3.49-2.57-2.92-2.73-2.14-2.95-2.94
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