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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Ansys Inc was -0.68. The lowest was -3.12. And the median was -2.58.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Ansys Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.8982||+||0.528 * 0.9909||+||0.404 * 0.9994||+||0.892 * 1.0072||+||0.115 * 1.0046|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.022||+||4.679 * -0.0423||-||0.327 * 1.0498|
|This Year (Dec15) TTM:||Last Year (Dec14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $91.6 Mil.|
Revenue was 251.647 + 237.84 + 235.485 + 217.781 = $942.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 214.655 + 201.259 + 197.7 + 181.893 = $795.5 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,076.4 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,729.9 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $61.9 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $77.7 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $253.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $484.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Net Income was 68.021 + 66.033 + 62.335 + 56.132 = $252.5 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.107 + -0.383 + 0.091 + 0.767 = $0.6 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 109.196 + 77.795 + 66.412 + 114.12 = $367.5 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $101.2 Mil.
Revenue was 254.375 + 234 + 232.375 + 215.271 = $936.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 214.606 + 196.806 + 193.697 + 177.526 = $782.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,082.3 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,752.9 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $64.6 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $81.9 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $246.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $465.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(91.579 / 942.753)||/||(101.229 / 936.021)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(201.259 / 936.021)||/||(214.655 / 942.753)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (1076.426 + 61.924) / 2729.904)||/||(1 - (1082.315 + 64.643) / 2752.879)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(81.924 / (81.924 + 64.643))||/||(77.67 / (77.67 + 61.924))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(253.603 / 942.753)||/||(246.376 / 936.021)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((0 + 484.146) / 2729.904)||/||((0 + 465.075) / 2752.879)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(252.521 - 0.582||-||367.523)||/||2729.904|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Ansys Inc has a M-score of -2.79 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Ansys Inc Annual Data
Ansys Inc Quarterly Data