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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Ansys Inc was -0.68. The lowest was -3.12. And the median was -2.58.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Ansys Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.9086||+||0.528 * 0.9914||+||0.404 * 1.0495||+||0.892 * 1.068||+||0.115 * 0.8606|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0506||+||4.679 * -0.0421||-||0.327 * 1.0472|
|This Year (Mar15) TTM:||Last Year (Mar14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $80.9 Mil.|
Revenue was 217.781 + 254.375 + 234 + 232.375 = $938.5 Mil.
Gross Profit was 181.893 + 214.606 + 196.806 + 193.697 = $787.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,029.3 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,681.1 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $62.5 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $81.9 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $249.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $444.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Net Income was 56.132 + 69.633 + 65.479 + 63.036 = $254.3 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.767 + -0.762 + -0.395 + -0.179 = $-0.6 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 114.12 + 92.273 + 81.562 + 79.833 = $367.8 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $83.4 Mil.
Revenue was 215.271 + 236.02 + 212.658 + 214.85 = $878.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 177.526 + 197.411 + 177.489 + 178.17 = $730.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,132.3 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,793.2 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $83.3 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $79.5 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $222.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $441.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.1 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(80.949 / 938.531)||/||(83.418 / 878.799)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(214.606 / 878.799)||/||(181.893 / 938.531)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (1029.288 + 62.496) / 2681.094)||/||(1 - (1132.262 + 83.349) / 2793.229)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(79.476 / (79.476 + 83.349))||/||(81.894 / (81.894 + 62.496))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(249.575 / 938.531)||/||(222.444 / 878.799)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((0 + 444.111) / 2681.094)||/||((0.069 + 441.747) / 2793.229)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(254.28 - -0.569||-||367.788)||/||2681.094|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Ansys Inc has a M-score of -2.73 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Ansys Inc Annual Data
Ansys Inc Quarterly Data