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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Ansys Inc was -0.68. The lowest was -3.12. And the median was -2.58.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Ansys Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.1164||+||0.528 * 0.9911||+||0.404 * 0.9655||+||0.892 * 1.0485||+||0.115 * 0.9936|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0136||+||4.679 * -0.0326||-||0.327 * 1.0854|
|This Year (Dec16) TTM:||Last Year (Dec15) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $107.2 Mil.|
Revenue was 270.628 + 245.862 + 246.069 + 225.906 = $988.5 Mil.
Gross Profit was 231.65 + 210.276 + 209.058 + 190.621 = $841.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,169.4 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,800.5 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $54.7 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $69.6 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $269.5 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $539.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Net Income was 69.983 + 69.557 + 69.628 + 56.468 = $265.6 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.047 + -0.159 + 0.305 + -0.108 = $0.1 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 96.234 + 81.989 + 70.029 + 108.575 = $356.8 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $91.6 Mil.
Revenue was 251.647 + 237.84 + 235.485 + 217.781 = $942.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 214.655 + 201.259 + 197.7 + 181.893 = $795.5 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,076.4 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,729.9 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $61.9 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $77.7 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $253.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $484.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(107.192 / 988.465)||/||(91.579 / 942.753)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(795.507 / 942.753)||/||(841.605 / 988.465)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (1169.401 + 54.677) / 2800.526)||/||(1 - (1076.426 + 61.924) / 2729.904)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(77.67 / (77.67 + 61.924))||/||(69.587 / (69.587 + 54.677))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(269.515 / 988.465)||/||(253.603 / 942.753)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((0 + 539.1) / 2800.526)||/||((0 + 484.146) / 2729.904)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(265.636 - 0.085||-||356.827)||/||2800.526|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Ansys Inc has a M-score of -2.53 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Ansys Inc Annual Data
Ansys Inc Quarterly Data