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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Ark Restaurants Corp has a M-score of -3.49 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Ark Restaurants Corp was 0.27. The lowest was -4.13. And the median was -2.74.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Ark Restaurants Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.7834||+||0.528 * 0.0202||+||0.404 * 1.0173||+||0.892 * 1.0226||+||0.115 * 1.0743|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * -1.636||+||4.679 * -0.151||-||0.327 * 1.229|
|This Year (Jun14) TTM:||Last Year (Jun13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $2.5 Mil.|
Revenue was 39.11 + 31.037 + 32.138 + 33.699 = $136.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 7.071 + 3.629 + 15.676 + 5.571 = $31.9 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $12.8 Mil.
Total Assets was $62.8 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $29.3 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $4.5 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $20.5 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $15.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $5.8 Mil.
Net Income was 2.239 + -0.174 + 0.563 + 1.453 = $4.1 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.121 + 0.115 + 0.066 + 0.298 = $0.6 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 4.359 + 1.386 + 2.059 + 5.165 = $13.0 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $3.2 Mil.
Revenue was 36.473 + 29.09 + 31.336 + 36.082 = $133.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 7.867 + 3.395 + 14.713 + -25.343 = $0.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $10.6 Mil.
Total Assets was $53.9 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $25.8 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $4.3 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $-12.3 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $12.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2.1 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(2.526 / 135.984)||/||(3.153 / 132.981)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(3.629 / 132.981)||/||(7.071 / 135.984)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (12.836 + 29.347) / 62.842)||/||(1 - (10.627 + 25.836) / 53.873)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(4.313 / (4.313 + 25.836))||/||(4.508 / (4.508 + 29.347))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(20.497 / 135.984)||/||(-12.252 / 132.981)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((5.793 + 15.586) / 62.842)||/||((2.109 + 12.804) / 53.873)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(4.081 - 0.6||-||12.969)||/||62.842|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Ark Restaurants Corp has a M-score of -3.49 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Ark Restaurants Corp Annual Data
Ark Restaurants Corp Quarterly Data