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Assa Abloy AB (OTCPK:ASAZY)
Beneish M-Score
-2.32 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Assa Abloy AB has a M-score of -2.48 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ASAZY' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.15   Max: -2.21
Current: -2.32

-3.15
-2.21

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Assa Abloy AB was -2.21. The lowest was -3.15. And the median was -2.40.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Assa Abloy AB for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0575+0.528 * 0.9642+0.404 * 1.0152+0.892 * 0.9897+0.115 * 0.8979
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9906+4.679 * -0.0077-0.327 * 0.9483
=-2.48

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep15) TTM:Last Year (Sep14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1,459 Mil.
Revenue was 2087.64149703 + 2066.71264201 + 1784.94522985 + 2077.23262856 = $8,017 Mil.
Gross Profit was 807.803105464 + 801.301828125 + 698.553506226 + 796.314016437 = $3,104 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,982 Mil.
Total Assets was $10,459 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $899 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $168 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,620 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,463 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,086 Mil.
Net Income was 247.313498847 + 228.424860562 + 189.120868833 + 247.479977454 = $912 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 342.222594102 + 228.182885074 + 7.37290515869 + 415.525174009 = $993 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,394 Mil.
Revenue was 2065.43995961 + 2088.57446268 + 1919.35735455 + 2026.94015001 = $8,100 Mil.
Gross Profit was 797.873832431 + 802.883680582 + 747.30931212 + 675.952854737 = $3,024 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,955 Mil.
Total Assets was $10,383 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $995 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $163 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,653 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,760 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,002 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1458.77909131 / 8016.53199744) / (1393.93004404 / 8100.31192684)
=0.18197134 / 0.1720835
=1.0575

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(801.301828125 / 8100.31192684) / (807.803105464 / 8016.53199744)
=0.37332139 / 0.38719642
=0.9642

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2981.74733143 + 898.528550425) / 10459.3648024) / (1 - (2955.03632437 + 994.502258001) / 10382.5979636)
=0.62901419 / 0.61960016
=1.0152

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=8016.53199744 / 8100.31192684
=0.9897

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(163.372989014 / (163.372989014 + 994.502258001)) / (167.522130908 / (167.522130908 + 898.528550425))
=0.14109723 / 0.15714275
=0.8979

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1620.43992952 / 8016.53199744) / (1652.95982134 / 8100.31192684)
=0.20213727 / 0.20406126
=0.9906

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((2086.20710264 + 2462.73562916) / 10459.3648024) / ((2001.62688284 + 2760.23112956) / 10382.5979636)
=0.43491577 / 0.45863839
=0.9483

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(912.339205695 - 0 - 993.303558344) / 10459.3648024
=-0.0077

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Assa Abloy AB has a M-score of -2.48 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Assa Abloy AB Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 1.07420.94891.01271.10250.89551.09040.97831.08551.0592
GMI 0.99381.12930.87461.10310.98881.12560.90551.04160.9841
AQI 0.99821.0310.97231.00781.04331.03291.02851.01180.996
SGI 0.91731.3021.13810.83911.12681.13431.15981.04971.0041
DEPI 1.11090.89791.02651.08470.867400.97821.15831.0264
SGAI 0.99410.96260.9810.98750.99180.85361.00741.00910.9639
LVGI 0.97321.06870.90431.03490.9050.86141.00120.98280.9467
TATA -0.0248-0.0341-0.0133-0.0429-0.0766-0.027-0.0138-0.0221-0.003
M-score -2.58-2.36-2.45-2.67-2.79-2.37-2.46-2.41-2.42

Assa Abloy AB Quarterly Data

Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15
DSRI 1.04820.99021.05851.06271.02731.02510.97090.94121.01421.0575
GMI 0.90820.91611.04161.05021.05391.06160.98390.97710.97140.9642
AQI 1.01311.01891.01531.00811.00880.99540.9960.99971.00731.0152
SGI 1.07531.0741.07651.09821.10531.11421.09541.04461.01140.9897
DEPI 0.58620.79421.13241.11971.09371.06570.9490.9160.89320.8979
SGAI 1.00590.99620.87890.87010.87290.8690.97670.97930.98030.9906
LVGI 1.01760.98030.82891.02091.00771.01770.94670.92350.9380.9483
TATA -0.0148-0.0164-0.022-0.0123-0.0147-0.0090-0.0056-0.0033-0.0077
M-score -2.54-2.55-2.34-2.33-2.37-2.34-2.42-2.51-2.47-2.48
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