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Ascena Retail Group Inc (NAS:ASNA)
Beneish M-Score
-2.58 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Ascena Retail Group Inc has a M-score of -2.58 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ASNA' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.43   Max: 5.06
Current: -2.58

-3.43
5.06

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Ascena Retail Group Inc was 5.06. The lowest was -3.43. And the median was -2.68.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Ascena Retail Group Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1+0.528 * 1.1124+0.404 * 0.9332+0.892 * 1.0783+0.115 * 1.1132
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.8658+4.679 * -0.0684-0.327 * 0.7513
=-2.58

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Apr14) TTM:Last Year (Apr13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $0 Mil.
Revenue was 1145.1 + 1266.5 + 1196.6 + 1197.7 = $4,806 Mil.
Gross Profit was 675 + 688.3 + 710 + 671.6 = $2,745 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $960 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,110 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,044 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $195 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $2,264 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $612 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $224 Mil.
Net Income was 33.2 + 31.9 + 52.6 + 29.8 = $148 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 68.3 + 134.2 + 41 + 116.8 = $360 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $0 Mil.
Revenue was 1142.2 + 1237.5 + 1137.5 + 939.7 = $4,457 Mil.
Gross Profit was 657.8 + 662.1 + 655.6 + 856.1 = $2,832 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,000 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,796 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $730 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $155 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $2,425 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $604 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $398 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(0 / 4805.9) / (0 / 4456.9)
=0 / 0
=1

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(688.3 / 4456.9) / (675 / 4805.9)
=0.63532949 / 0.57115213
=1.1124

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (960.2 + 1044) / 3109.7) / (1 - (1000.4 + 730.2) / 2795.5)
=0.35550053 / 0.38093364
=0.9332

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=4805.9 / 4456.9
=1.0783

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(154.7 / (154.7 + 730.2)) / (194.5 / (194.5 + 1044))
=0.17482201 / 0.15704481
=1.1132

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(2264.4 / 4805.9) / (2425.4 / 4456.9)
=0.47117085 / 0.54418991
=0.8658

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((224.4 + 612.4) / 3109.7) / ((397.5 + 603.8) / 2795.5)
=0.26909348 / 0.35818279
=0.7513

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(147.5 - 0 - 360.3) / 3109.7
=-0.0684

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Ascena Retail Group Inc has a M-score of -2.58 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Ascena Retail Group Inc Annual Data

Jul04Jul05Jul06Jul07Jul08Jul09Jul10Jul11Jul12Jul13
DSRI 1111111111.5181
GMI 0.97540.97280.93450.98871.05981.0030.93450.97570.75450.9975
AQI 0.462120.60150.84270.86841.16820.81961.09171.15361.21350.9877
SGI 1.06761.3251.29991.09721.01231.03471.58921.22721.15081.406
DEPI 1.00530.87440.93370.9921.00881.0021.14030.85481.12910.7814
SGAI 1.01021.04260.94710.99051.02331.02721.02831.0061.50791.0448
LVGI 0.9291.14020.89530.89940.88570.97690.67821.29191.48380.6166
TATA 0.0302-0.1255-0.1023-0.0565-0.0702-0.0919-0.057-0.0578-0.066-0.1008
M-score -2.495.06-2.75-2.68-2.66-2.95-2.10-2.61-2.93-2.03

Ascena Retail Group Inc Quarterly Data

Jan12Apr12Jul12Oct12Jan13Apr13Jul13Oct13Jan14Apr14
DSRI 1111111.5181111
GMI 1.00021.00950.75450.70870.68760.66050.99781.04891.08011.1124
AQI 1.16890.71531.21351.16291.20061.69390.98770.98730.99160.9332
SGI 1.08341.08291.15071.25381.3311.41971.4061.28251.1721.0783
DEPI 0.94960.9111.12911.04980.99280.97270.78140.87391.00491.1132
SGAI 0.98980.98521.5081.6511.79131.8941.04740.95550.90610.8658
LVGI 0.88460.9031.48381.52261.46061.30150.61660.63540.64810.7513
TATA -0.0731-0.0622-0.066-0.0558-0.0889-0.091-0.1008-0.0959-0.0665-0.0684
M-score -2.65-2.78-2.93-2.88-2.97-2.69-2.03-2.54-2.47-2.58
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