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AeroVironment Inc (NAS:AVAV)
Beneish M-Score
-1.82 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

AeroVironment Inc has a M-score of -1.82 signals that the company is a manipulator.

AVAV' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.4   Max: -0.98
Current: -1.82

-3.4
-0.98

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of AeroVironment Inc was -0.98. The lowest was -3.40. And the median was -2.25.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of AeroVironment Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.638+0.528 * 0.947+0.404 * 0.7744+0.892 * 1.0181+0.115 * 1.4385
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0582+4.679 * 0.0271-0.327 * 0.9697
=-1.82

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Apr16) TTM:Last Year (Apr15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $56.0 Mil.
Revenue was 84.757 + 67.56 + 64.731 + 47.05 = $264.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 37.922 + 26.625 + 31.533 + 16.023 = $112.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $349.7 Mil.
Total Assets was $410.4 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $16.8 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $6.1 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $60.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $46.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.4 Mil.
Net Income was 5.364 + 6.164 + 4.419 + -6.981 = $9.0 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.097 + -0.215 + -0.192 + -2.389 = $-2.7 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 6.25 + 17.21 + -11.605 + -11.304 = $0.6 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $33.6 Mil.
Revenue was 86.471 + 68.397 + 52.664 + 51.866 = $259.4 Mil.
Gross Profit was 45.35 + 26.993 + 17.871 + 14.054 = $104.3 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $329.0 Mil.
Total Assets was $397.5 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $13.5 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $8.4 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $55.8 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $46.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(56.045 / 264.098) / (33.607 / 259.398)
=0.21221289 / 0.12955767
=1.638

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(104.268 / 259.398) / (112.103 / 264.098)
=0.40196146 / 0.42447501
=0.947

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (349.703 + 16.762) / 410.393) / (1 - (329.032 + 13.499) / 397.467)
=0.10703886 / 0.13821525
=0.7744

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=264.098 / 259.398
=1.0181

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(8.366 / (8.366 + 13.499)) / (6.074 / (6.074 + 16.762))
=0.38262063 / 0.26598353
=1.4385

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(60.077 / 264.098) / (55.763 / 259.398)
=0.22747995 / 0.21497082
=1.0582

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((0.449 + 46.345) / 410.393) / ((0 + 46.735) / 397.467)
=0.11402241 / 0.11758209
=0.9697

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(8.966 - -2.699 - 0.551) / 410.393
=0.0271

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

AeroVironment Inc has a M-score of -1.82 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

AeroVironment Inc Annual Data

Apr07Apr08Apr09Apr10Apr11Apr12Apr13Apr14Apr15Apr16
DSRI 1.03781.18660.73580.90140.97951.14420.47421.53171.02741.638
GMI 1.03321.08281.01770.92190.96891.00651.03271.0360.92530.947
AQI 0.15652.73973.7441.08040.8433.62161.15150.74030.91580.7744
SGI 1.24661.24191.14791.00751.17231.11110.73891.04811.03061.0181
DEPI 0.77771.16761.19680.73360.82091.36580.89310.98470.82081.4385
SGAI 0.77731.12740.88621.22970.95361.04891.26131.03110.97181.0582
LVGI 0.43010.85290.96411.02521.19660.91310.68250.84021.19950.9697
TATA 0.03390.0289-0.0613-0.0541-0.02280.0317-0.0693-0.0569-0.08940.0271
M-score -2.19-1.17-1.71-2.90-2.61-0.98-3.40-2.25-3.00-1.82

AeroVironment Inc Quarterly Data

Jan14Apr14Jul14Oct14Jan15Apr15Jul15Oct15Jan16Apr16
DSRI 1.72251.53171.02960.72950.83691.02741.23831.27460.95541.638
GMI 1.19921.0361.03470.97440.96710.92530.87860.80160.80370.947
AQI 0.73780.74030.58730.88791.08220.91581.0950.79510.74790.7744
SGI 0.7831.04811.15011.17641.06071.03060.98121.07851.07871.0181
DEPI 1.2050.98470.81530.77180.79030.82080.92061.03551.1181.4385
SGAI 1.26051.03110.97770.96411.01580.97181.0370.95770.95651.0582
LVGI 0.90630.84020.83271.17951.15191.19951.08790.74240.75580.9697
TATA -0.0762-0.0569-0.1352-0.1311-0.1197-0.0894-0.02320.0165-0.00590.0271
M-score -2.36-2.25-3.06-3.32-3.20-3.00-2.46-2.17-2.58-1.82
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