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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
B/E Aerospace Inc has a M-score of -1.94 signals that the company is a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of B/E Aerospace Inc was -1.46. The lowest was -4.30. And the median was -2.40.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of B/E Aerospace Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.2221||+||0.528 * 1.0033||+||0.404 * 1.1754||+||0.892 * 1.193||+||0.115 * 1.3741|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.9847||+||4.679 * 0.0122||-||0.327 * 1.0472|
|This Year (Jun14) TTM:||Last Year (Jun13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $676 Mil.|
Revenue was 1089.5 + 1011.2 + 903.1 + 888.1 = $3,892 Mil.
Gross Profit was 406.6 + 376.7 + 340.7 + 342.3 = $1,466 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,149 Mil.
Total Assets was $6,848 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $659 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $110 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $523 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,095 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,627 Mil.
Net Income was 108.6 + 109 + 90.6 + 92.7 = $401 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 11.4 + 56.3 + 139.7 + 110 = $317 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $464 Mil.
Revenue was 850.3 + 842.2 + 803.2 + 766.7 = $3,262 Mil.
Gross Profit was 326.8 + 319.1 + 299 + 288.3 = $1,233 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,990 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,345 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $336 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $82 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $445 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $814 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,960 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(676.2 / 3891.9)||/||(463.8 / 3262.4)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(376.7 / 3262.4)||/||(406.6 / 3891.9)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (3149.1 + 658.8) / 6848.4)||/||(1 - (2989.7 + 336.4) / 5344.9)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(82.4 / (82.4 + 336.4))||/||(110.1 / (110.1 + 658.8))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(522.5 / 3891.9)||/||(444.8 / 3262.4)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((2627 + 1094.5) / 6848.4)||/||((1959.8 + 813.8) / 5344.9)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(400.9 - 0||-||317.4)||/||6848.4|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
B/E Aerospace Inc has a M-score of -1.94 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
B/E Aerospace Inc Annual Data
B/E Aerospace Inc Quarterly Data