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BGC Partners Inc (NAS:BGCP)
Beneish M-Score
-2.98 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

BGC Partners Inc has a M-score of -2.98 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

BGCP' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -4.63   Max: 5.23
Current: -2.98

-4.63
5.23

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of BGC Partners Inc was 5.23. The lowest was -4.63. And the median was -2.53.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of BGC Partners Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.5474+0.528 * 1+0.404 * 1.01+0.892 * 1.4109+0.115 * 0.6443
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0442+4.679 * -0.0927-0.327 * 0.9015
=-2.98

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar16) TTM:Last Year (Mar15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $2,300 Mil.
Revenue was 639.036 + 673.444 + 685.295 + 669.131 = $2,667 Mil.
Gross Profit was 639.036 + 673.444 + 685.295 + 669.131 = $2,667 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,986 Mil.
Total Assets was $4,550 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $145 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $85 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $2,572 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,486 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $839 Mil.
Net Income was 13.659 + 65.015 + 38.371 + 9.347 = $126 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -4.742 + 416.655 + 62.1 + -0.103 = $474 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -202.077 + 86.304 + 133.247 + 56.657 = $74 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $2,978 Mil.
Revenue was 547.567 + 489.283 + 436.216 + 417.202 = $1,890 Mil.
Gross Profit was 547.567 + 489.283 + 436.216 + 417.202 = $1,890 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,496 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,290 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $162 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $51 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,746 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,297 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $991 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(2300.015 / 2666.906) / (2978.168 / 1890.268)
=0.86242822 / 1.57552686
=0.5474

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(673.444 / 1890.268) / (639.036 / 2666.906)
=1 / 1
=1

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2986.346 + 145.378) / 4549.727) / (1 - (3495.562 + 162.219) / 5290.242)
=0.31166771 / 0.30857965
=1.01

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=2666.906 / 1890.268
=1.4109

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(50.527 / (50.527 + 162.219)) / (84.866 / (84.866 + 145.378))
=0.23749918 / 0.36859158
=0.6443

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(2571.734 / 2666.906) / (1745.696 / 1890.268)
=0.9643137 / 0.92351772
=1.0442

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((838.635 + 2486.176) / 4549.727) / ((991.382 + 3296.947) / 5290.242)
=0.73077154 / 0.81061112
=0.9015

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(126.392 - 473.91 - 74.131) / 4549.727
=-0.0927

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

BGC Partners Inc has a M-score of -2.98 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

BGC Partners Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
DSRI 110.10423.10641.26760.72731.01060.73961.92090.8566
GMI 0.9353111111111
AQI 1.03611.27880.81450.78191.00511.45671.04820.88321.36361.4147
SGI 1.07430.9697.71870.94581.14521.10031.20641.41370.71551.4408
DEPI 0.93272.09640.47861.36381.04241.02791.00180.98380.94520.7932
SGAI 0.99031.41720.90680.94331.00990.99631.01530.91691.09861.0557
LVGI 1.1226.04550.88851.19970.86861.05680.93181.05051.21750.8794
TATA -0.0434-0.0251-0.1712-0.2372-0.0219-0.0425-0.0859-0.0426-0.0786-0.149
M-score -2.68-4.111.81-1.80-2.16-2.67-2.65-2.60-2.20-2.74

BGC Partners Inc Quarterly Data

Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16
DSRI 0.73270.78551.02011.32041.89442.15751.06820.85320.85660.5474
GMI 1111111111
AQI 0.88321.01471.80031.6231.36362.26482.40182.28811.41471.01
SGI 1.42711.38680.66960.69230.72560.76731.26951.39071.44081.4109
DEPI 0.98380.97411.01920.96110.94521.15760.90850.84610.79320.6443
SGAI 0.90830.90861.07881.09051.08341.08931.00170.9821.05571.0442
LVGI 1.05050.94171.00051.09431.21751.0711.00221.01330.87940.9015
TATA -0.0592-0.0357-0.0461-0.0575-0.0774-0.034-0.0522-0.0676-0.149-0.0927
M-score -2.67-2.46-2.66-2.53-2.21-1.29-1.87-2.08-2.74-2.98
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