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Big Lots Inc (NYSE:BIG)
Beneish M-Score
-2.99 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Big Lots Inc has a M-score of -2.99 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

BIG' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.99   Max: 5.89
Current: -2.99

-3.99
5.89

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Big Lots Inc was 5.89. The lowest was -3.99. And the median was -2.70.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Big Lots Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1+0.528 * 1.0162+0.404 * 0.6971+0.892 * 0.9873+0.115 * 0.9197
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0373+4.679 * -0.0862-0.327 * 0.9051
=-2.99

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Apr14) TTM:Last Year (Apr13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $0 Mil.
Revenue was 1281.271 + 1612.558 + 1152.444 + 1225.572 = $5,272 Mil.
Gross Profit was 493.556 + 625.763 + 443.459 + 479.455 = $2,042 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,049 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,659 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $558 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $103 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,745 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $590 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $54 Mil.
Net Income was 3.348 + 84.353 + -9.517 + 18.126 = $96 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + -0.802 + -0.147 + -0.118 = $-1 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 102.166 + 269.432 + -153.116 + 21.835 = $240 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $0 Mil.
Revenue was 1267.02 + 1720.442 + 1134.205 + 1218.037 = $5,340 Mil.
Gross Profit was 502.195 + 689.455 + 432.59 + 477.835 = $2,102 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,075 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,737 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $583 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $98 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,704 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $607 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $137 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(0 / 5271.845) / (0 / 5339.704)
=0 / 0
=1

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(625.763 / 5339.704) / (493.556 / 5271.845)
=0.39366883 / 0.38738487
=1.0162

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1049.093 + 557.675) / 1659.062) / (1 - (1074.741 + 583.496) / 1736.763)
=0.03152022 / 0.045214
=0.6971

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=5271.845 / 5339.704
=0.9873

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(97.561 / (97.561 + 583.496)) / (102.882 / (102.882 + 557.675))
=0.14324939 / 0.15575037
=0.9197

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1744.824 / 5271.845) / (1703.744 / 5339.704)
=0.33097028 / 0.31907087
=1.0373

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((53.6 + 590.253) / 1659.062) / ((137.2 + 607.473) / 1736.763)
=0.38808254 / 0.42877065
=0.9051

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(96.31 - -1.067 - 240.317) / 1659.062
=-0.0862

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Big Lots Inc has a M-score of -2.99 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Big Lots Inc Annual Data

Jan05Jan06Jan07Jan08Jan09Jan10Jan11Jan12Jan13Jan14
DSRI 0111111111
GMI 1.02961.04020.98021.0090.98850.98470.99921.02111.01121.0103
AQI 1.17521.01531.3051.29131.01090.66280.80151.42111.05010.7093
SGI 1.05241.06761.07070.98170.99761.01751.04771.05051.03170.9878
DEPI 0.95270.82761.03161.08011.1251.031.02780.97820.9110.912
SGAI 1.00250.98450.94930.95151.0080.98820.9820.9871.01291.0429
LVGI 0.95820.82461.01361.66860.78180.90371.02971.18491.15190.8238
TATA -0.0134-0.1336-0.1512-0.1054-0.0415-0.1148-0.0576-0.0678-0.0593-0.0413
M-score -3.32-2.98-3.00-3.07-2.59-3.11-2.79-2.63-2.77-2.76

Big Lots Inc Quarterly Data

Jan12Apr12Jul12Oct12Jan13Apr13Jul13Oct13Jan14Apr14
DSRI 1111111111
GMI 1.02111.02281.01821.01461.01121.00691.00620.99961.00891.0162
AQI 1.42111.24680.76950.75651.05011.20741.20241.30520.70930.6971
SGI 1.05051.06581.07071.05241.03171.01331.0051.00930.97960.9873
DEPI 0.97820.95370.93240.8270.9110.92040.93770.96170.9120.9197
SGAI 0.9870.99491.01061.00831.01291.00941.00171.00521.04061.0373
LVGI 1.18491.19451.27161.13171.15191.03290.86920.86520.82380.9051
TATA -0.0678-0.0733-0.0664-0.0443-0.0593-0.0271-0.0608-0.0396-0.0414-0.0862
M-score -2.63-2.72-2.91-2.80-2.77-2.53-2.64-2.50-2.76-2.99
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