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Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP (NYSE:BIP)
Beneish M-Score
-2.76 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP has a M-score of -2.84 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

BIP' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -2.91   Max: 11.74
Current: -2.76

-2.91
11.74

During the past 8 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP was 11.74. The lowest was -2.91. And the median was -2.32.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.8126+0.528 * 0.9804+0.404 * 0.9793+0.892 * 1.0537+0.115 * 0.9056
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9922+4.679 * -0.0389-0.327 * 1.0778
=-2.84

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec14) TTM:Last Year (Dec13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $268 Mil.
Revenue was 465 + 491 + 488 + 480 = $1,924 Mil.
Gross Profit was 262 + 275 + 273 + 268 = $1,078 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,560 Mil.
Total Assets was $16,495 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $8,084 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $380 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $115 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $821 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,768 Mil.
Net Income was 52 + 55 + 12 + 26 = $145 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 34 + 62 + 6 + -7 = $95 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 160 + 235 + 156 + 140 = $691 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $313 Mil.
Revenue was 470 + 431 + 462 + 463 = $1,826 Mil.
Gross Profit was 258 + 244 + 260 + 241 = $1,003 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,268 Mil.
Total Assets was $15,682 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $7,763 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $329 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $110 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $598 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,096 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(268 / 1924) / (313 / 1826)
=0.13929314 / 0.17141292
=0.8126

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(275 / 1826) / (262 / 1924)
=0.54928806 / 0.56029106
=0.9804

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1560 + 8084) / 16495) / (1 - (1268 + 7763) / 15682)
=0.41533798 / 0.42411682
=0.9793

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=1924 / 1826
=1.0537

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(329 / (329 + 7763)) / (380 / (380 + 8084))
=0.04065744 / 0.04489603
=0.9056

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(115 / 1924) / (110 / 1826)
=0.05977131 / 0.06024096
=0.9922

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((6768 + 821) / 16495) / ((6096 + 598) / 15682)
=0.46007881 / 0.42685882
=1.0778

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(145 - 95 - 691) / 16495
=-0.0389

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP has a M-score of -2.84 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 0.44561.71260.76160.8126
GMI 0.65120.90570.90550.9804
AQI 1.09440.84920.76010.9793
SGI 2.58040.93151.19821.0537
DEPI 0.31711.0690.69570.9056
SGAI 0.67541.67180.96640.9922
LVGI 0.77411.09480.98251.0778
TATA -0.0405-0.0261-0.0522-0.0389
M-score -1.86-2.26-2.94-2.84

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP Quarterly Data

Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14
DSRI 1.75541.58761.30940.89721.03010.82160.96831.08680.84630.8126
GMI 0.85270.92810.89570.88160.87760.88370.89470.92870.96120.9804
AQI 0.86650.84920.90850.60630.76850.76010.7581.19650.96930.9793
SGI 0.86891.00490.97581.0691.13151.11071.11291.0681.06751.0537
DEPI 0.91421.06460.89450.77930.81310.69860.8221.03551.02150.9056
SGAI 1.77871.54981.55221.33451.14371.04250.95090.98010.95380.9922
LVGI 0.91051.09481.00841.00761.06990.98251.07910.99281.02411.0778
TATA -0.031-0.025-0.025-0.0384-0.0419-0.0522-0.0535-0.0455-0.0535-0.0389
M-score -2.29-2.27-2.54-3.00-2.76-2.98-2.85-2.50-2.84-2.84
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