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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Brocade Communications Systems Inc has a M-score of -2.78 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Brocade Communications Systems Inc was 0.16. The lowest was -10000000.00. And the median was -2.80.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Brocade Communications Systems Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.0379||+||0.528 * 0.9735||+||0.404 * 0.9593||+||0.892 * 0.9703||+||0.115 * 0.9955|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.9499||+||4.679 * -0.0744||-||0.327 * 0.8035|
|This Year (Jan14) TTM:||Last Year (Jan13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $218 Mil.|
Revenue was 564.535 + 558.8 + 536.551 + 538.784 = $2,199 Mil.
Gross Profit was 372.67 + 362.64 + 338.202 + 334.112 = $1,408 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,416 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,578 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $459 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $173 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $627 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $491 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $596 Mil.
Net Income was 80.884 + 64.233 + 118.696 + 46.949 = $311 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 75.835 + 0 + 0 = $76 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 109.469 + 169.769 + 102.155 + 119.615 = $501 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $217 Mil.
Revenue was 588.729 + 578.357 + 555.332 + 543.439 = $2,266 Mil.
Gross Profit was 373.925 + 360.69 + 340.478 + 337.082 = $1,412 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,391 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,772 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $510 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $192 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $680 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $828 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $597 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(218.26 / 2198.67)||/||(216.706 / 2265.857)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(362.64 / 2265.857)||/||(372.67 / 2198.67)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (1416.132 + 459.367) / 3577.837)||/||(1 - (1390.959 + 510.282) / 3772.182)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(191.507 / (191.507 + 510.282))||/||(173.474 / (173.474 + 459.367))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(626.875 / 2198.67)||/||(680.135 / 2265.857)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((595.694 + 490.741) / 3577.837)||/||((597.44 + 828.166) / 3772.182)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(310.762 - 75.835||-||501.008)||/||3577.837|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Brocade Communications Systems Inc has a M-score of -2.78 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Brocade Communications Systems Inc Annual Data
Brocade Communications Systems Inc Quarterly Data