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BioTime, Inc. (AMEX:BTX)
Beneish M-Score
-3.39 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

BioTime, Inc. has a M-score of -3.39 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

BTX' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -10.09   Max: 10000000
Current: -3.39

-10.09
10000000

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of BioTime, Inc. was 10000000.00. The lowest was -10.09. And the median was -3.39.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of BioTime, Inc. for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1+0.528 * 1.0817+0.404 * 1.136+0.892 * 1.1337+0.115 * 1.1913
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.3294+4.679 * -0.2455-0.327 * 0.8166
=-3.39

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $0.00 Mil.
Revenue was 1.892 + 0.714 + 1.216 + 0.614 = $4.44 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1.67 + 0.507 + 1.036 + 0.432 = $3.65 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $7.95 Mil.
Total Assets was $57.73 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3.00 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $3.95 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $15.59 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $6.96 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.00 Mil.
Net Income was -19.612 + -9.003 + -7.55 + -7.719 = $-43.88 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.04 + -0.055 + -0.08 + -0.03 = $-0.21 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -8.627 + -6.416 + -7.444 + -7.022 = $-29.51 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $0.00 Mil.
Revenue was 1.223 + 1.004 + 1.034 + 0.652 = $3.91 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1.062 + 0.834 + 0.95 + 0.632 = $3.48 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $7.18 Mil.
Total Assets was $29.75 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1.35 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $2.83 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $10.35 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4.39 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.00 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(0 / 4.436) / (0 / 3.913)
=0 / 0
=1

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(0.507 / 3.913) / (1.67 / 4.436)
=0.8888321 / 0.8216862
=1.0817

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (7.95 + 2.998) / 57.73) / (1 - (7.179 + 1.349) / 29.749)
=0.81035857 / 0.7133349
=1.136

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=4.436 / 3.913
=1.1337

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(2.833 / (2.833 + 1.349)) / (3.952 / (3.952 + 2.998))
=0.67742707 / 0.56863309
=1.1913

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(15.591 / 4.436) / (10.345 / 3.913)
=3.51465284 / 2.6437516
=1.3294

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((0 + 6.958) / 57.73) / ((0 + 4.391) / 29.749)
=0.12052659 / 0.1476016
=0.8166

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-43.884 - -0.205 - -29.509) / 57.73
=-0.2455

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

BioTime, Inc. has a M-score of -3.39 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

BioTime, Inc. Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1111111111
GMI 1111111.00761.01051.10461.0825
AQI 0.66291.01973.00923.726.60230.08794.57681.33611.67421.136
SGI 1.23741.31251.28680.90021.43791.27991.92621.19580.88291.1326
DEPI 0.95581.97550.70370.75566.80330.65550.37220.88930.94031.1913
SGAI 0.95110.71670.83050.96871.39040.74381.11991.46271.25661.3254
LVGI 0.11431.09422.62198.80480.39190.02650.53821.4752.14950.8166
TATA -1.0381-0.3486-0.9939-1.2286-2.1111-0.068-0.0233-0.0684-0.0478-0.2455
M-score -6.97-3.69-6.60-9.79-8.90-2.59-0.26-2.73-2.91-3.39

BioTime, Inc. Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
DSRI 0111111111
GMI 1.01711.0071.01261.01921.05481.10881.15871.16741.15611.0817
AQI 1.19931.33611.18971.37181.60961.67421.19990.85270.93861.136
SGI 1.39911.19111.12721.16371.03040.88550.91260.90160.86761.1337
DEPI 0.80770.88920.91050.9330.97660.941.01661.05361.28911.1913
SGAI 2.81741.46711.3781.181.3031.25081.27281.42351.65911.3294
LVGI 1.70081.4751.05221.25511.46312.14952.41251.44051.90380.8166
TATA -0.0396-0.0693-0.0522-0.0562-0.0604-0.0477-0.0894-0.0402-0.1351-0.2455
M-score -3.70-2.74-2.62-2.56-2.67-2.90-3.32-2.94-3.55-3.39
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