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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Cincinnati Bell Inc has a M-score of 4.87 signals that the company is a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Cincinnati Bell Inc was 2.69. The lowest was -4.94. And the median was -2.89.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Cincinnati Bell Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.11||+||0.528 * 2.3731||+||0.404 * 0.6608||+||0.892 * 9.8949||+||0.115 * 0.3393|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.1596||+||4.679 * -0.0911||-||0.327 * 0.9964|
|This Year (Jun14) TTM:||Last Year (Jun13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $170 Mil.|
Revenue was 319.9 + 322.5 + 308.4 + 310.8 = $1,262 Mil.
Gross Profit was 150.2 + 156.3 + 144.2 + 151.4 = $602 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $608 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,177 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $875 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $189 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $224 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $271 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,214 Mil.
Net Income was 114.2 + 7 + -28.1 + 9.3 = $102 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 190.3 + -0.1 + -32.3 + -0.3 = $158 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 56 + 37.8 + 19 + 30.4 = $143 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $156 Mil.
Revenue was 312 + 325.7 + -878.4 + 368.2 = $128 Mil.
Gross Profit was 153.8 + 163.3 + -368.6 + 195.9 = $144 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $232 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,145 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $879 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $56 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $142 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $275 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,183 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(170 / 1261.6)||/||(156.2 / 127.5)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(156.3 / 127.5)||/||(150.2 / 1261.6)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (608.3 + 874.7) / 2176.9)||/||(1 - (231.5 + 879) / 2145.4)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(56.4 / (56.4 + 879))||/||(189 / (189 + 874.7))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(224.1 / 1261.6)||/||(141.9 / 127.5)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((2214.2 + 270.6) / 2176.9)||/||((2183 + 274.7) / 2145.4)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(102.4 - 157.6||-||143.2)||/||2176.9|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Cincinnati Bell Inc has a M-score of 4.87 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Cincinnati Bell Inc Annual Data
Cincinnati Bell Inc Quarterly Data