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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Cameco Corp was -0.55. The lowest was -3.59. And the median was -2.56.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Cameco Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.5334||+||0.528 * 1.0154||+||0.404 * 1.0883||+||0.892 * 0.9456||+||0.115 * 0.9146|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0641||+||4.679 * -0.0499||-||0.327 * 0.8842|
|This Year (Jun15) TTM:||Last Year (Jun14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $124 Mil.|
Revenue was 456.547513142 + 448.380884451 + 771.068331599 + 533.226773227 = $2,209 Mil.
Gross Profit was 123.71613425 + 102.363290537 + 218.062781824 + 129.762964308 = $574 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,559 Mil.
Total Assets was $6,893 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $4,335 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $278 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $157 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $417 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,206 Mil.
Net Income was 71.1985442782 + -7.05579331114 + 63.0332986472 + -132.594678049 = $-5 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 8.53295592398 + -84.4238389602 + -14.1493236212 + -68.0256107529 = $-158 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -52.6712494945 + 105.845617372 + 204.508324662 + 238.694941422 = $496 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $247 Mil.
Revenue was 463.500461681 + 377.343834383 + 918.628759398 + 576.96131528 = $2,336 Mil.
Gross Profit was 125.421052632 + 96.8496849685 + 173.944548872 + 220.104448743 = $616 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,088 Mil.
Total Assets was $7,986 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $4,836 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $282 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $156 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $751 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,376 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(124.343712091 / 2209.22350242)||/||(246.551246537 / 2336.43437074)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(102.363290537 / 2336.43437074)||/||(123.71613425 / 2209.22350242)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (1559.18398706 + 4335.15649009) / 6892.68338051)||/||(1 - (2087.85872576 + 4835.50415512) / 7986.22899354)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(282.388828088 / (282.388828088 + 4835.50415512))||/||(278.326959397 / (278.326959397 + 4335.15649009))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(157.256527252 / 2209.22350242)||/||(156.288991185 / 2336.43437074)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((1206.39142742 + 417.424989891) / 6892.68338051)||/||((1376.33425669 + 751.427516159) / 7986.22899354)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(-5.41862843492 - -158.06581741||-||496.377633961)||/||6892.68338051|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Cameco Corp has a M-score of -3.13 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Cameco Corp Annual Data
Cameco Corp Quarterly Data