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GuruFocus has detected 4 Warning Signs with Energy Company of Minas Gerais $CIG.
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Energy Company of Minas Gerais (NYSE:CIG)
Beneish M-Score
0.00 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Energy Company of Minas Gerais has a M-score of suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Energy Company of Minas Gerais was 3.24. The lowest was -5.98. And the median was -2.32.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Energy Company of Minas Gerais for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * +0.528 * +0.404 * +0.892 * +0.115 *
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * +4.679 * -0.327 *
=

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Sep16) TTM:Last Year (Sep15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $ Mil.
Revenue was + + + = $ Mil.
Gross Profit was + + + = $ Mil.
Total Current Assets was $ Mil.
Total Assets was $ Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $ Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $ Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $ Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $ Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $ Mil.
Net Income was + + + = $ Mil.
Non Operating Income was + + + = $ Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was + + + = $ Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $ Mil.
Revenue was + + + = $ Mil.
Gross Profit was + + + = $ Mil.
Total Current Assets was $ Mil.
Total Assets was $ Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $ Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $ Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $ Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $ Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $ Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=( / ) / ( / )
= /
=

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=( / ) / ( / )
= /
=

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - ( + ) / ) / (1 - ( + ) / )
= /
=

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
= /
=

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=( / ( + )) / ( / ( + ))
= /
=

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=( / ) / ( / )
= /
=

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(( + ) / ) / (( + ) / )
= /
=

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=( - - ) /
=

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Energy Company of Minas Gerais has a M-score of suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Energy Company of Minas Gerais Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
DSRI 1.09680.96110.96040.70911.13730.91651.60210.5060.83861.5342
GMI 1.01890.9851.01351.12241.72570.83481.29161.00760.94751.3328
AQI 0.98250.93460.9861.22462.15191.05040.90751.18651.12581.0301
SGI 1.22141.3130.77672.08150.88831.13341.03340.70131.18680.7418
DEPI 0.94580.92291.14351.08690.46350.99471.03720.82220.98290.7219
SGAI 1.08360.72671.20030.94930.40841.29021.35270.71320.63630.9963
LVGI 1.05840.97980.96541.08421.16341.03751.07970.75771.18891.0248
TATA -0.0929-0.0566-0.0663-0.0645-0.0357-0.03970.022-0.0462-0.0262-0.0566
M-score -2.66-2.49-3.03-1.94-1.79-2.75-1.76-3.23-2.56-2.34

Energy Company of Minas Gerais Quarterly Data

Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16
DSRI 1.49510.81670.97061.50231.3203
GMI 0.94680.90310.91921.0841.5126
AQI 1.0871.12580.8441.03011.4171
SGI 0.89871.21871.02170.75760.6825
DEPI 1.12210.95350.74270.71921.0275
SGAI 0.71720.56211.23281.54980.9321
LVGI 1.09541.18890.98681.02481.0899
TATA -0.0268-0.0234-0.0072-0.0551-0.0874
M-score -2.20-2.56-2.69-2.57-2.45
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