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Campbell Soup Co (NYSE:CPB)
Beneish M-Score
-2.89 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Campbell Soup Co has a M-score of -2.89 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

CPB' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.11   Max: -1.93
Current: -2.89

-3.11
-1.93

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Campbell Soup Co was -1.93. The lowest was -3.11. And the median was -2.65.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Campbell Soup Co for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0457+0.528 * 0.9593+0.404 * 0.9879+0.892 * 0.9668+0.115 * 1.0245
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0557+4.679 * -0.0844-0.327 * 0.9706
=-2.89

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Apr16) TTM:Last Year (Apr15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $648 Mil.
Revenue was 1870 + 2201 + 2203 + 1693 = $7,967 Mil.
Gross Profit was 660 + 819 + 755 + 612 = $2,846 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,042 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,081 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,371 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $308 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,486 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,377 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,552 Mil.
Net Income was 185 + 265 + 194 + 68 = $712 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 456 + 509 + 218 + 211 = $1,394 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $641 Mil.
Revenue was 1900 + 2234 + 2255 + 1852 = $8,241 Mil.
Gross Profit was 682 + 728 + 783 + 631 = $2,824 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,902 Mil.
Total Assets was $7,759 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,292 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $306 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,456 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,323 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,553 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(648 / 7967) / (641 / 8241)
=0.08133551 / 0.07778182
=1.0457

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(2824 / 8241) / (2846 / 7967)
=0.34267686 / 0.35722355
=0.9593

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2042 + 2371) / 8081) / (1 - (1902 + 2292) / 7759)
=0.45390422 / 0.45946643
=0.9879

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=7967 / 8241
=0.9668

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(306 / (306 + 2292)) / (308 / (308 + 2371))
=0.11778291 / 0.11496827
=1.0245

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1486 / 7967) / (1456 / 8241)
=0.18651939 / 0.17667759
=1.0557

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((2552 + 2377) / 8081) / ((2553 + 2323) / 7759)
=0.60994926 / 0.6284315
=0.9706

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(712 - 0 - 1394) / 8081
=-0.0844

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Campbell Soup Co has a M-score of -2.89 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Campbell Soup Co Annual Data

Jul07Jul08Jul09Jul10Jul11Jul12Jul13Jul14Jul15Jul16
DSRI 1.16940.90590.97660.95831.0080.991.07470.98910.9740
GMI 1.03051.02490.99330.97271.02081.03551.07351.03181.00990.9939
AQI 0.92281.00150.95090.96881.00760.98921.14530.98660.99080.996
SGI 1.00571.0830.94851.01191.00560.99841.04481.02680.97750.985
DEPI 1.05850.92451.11761.08040.96461.03070.71861.31241.0171.0079
SGAI 0.91620.97460.99360.98530.96811.0090.9530.90430.99791.0587
LVGI 0.9870.9791.02610.99881.00720.96951.1220.92151.02690.938
TATA 0.02330.0636-0.071-0.0339-0.0491-0.053-0.0674-0.01-0.0607-0.0942
M-score -2.20-2.18-2.90-2.68-2.68-2.71-2.65-2.42-2.81-3.85

Campbell Soup Co Quarterly Data

Apr14Jul14Oct14Jan15Apr15Jul15Oct15Jan16Apr16Jul16
DSRI 1.0790.98910.98510.95520.89580.9741.02721.00791.04570
GMI 1.02241.03181.03131.06191.04041.00991.00470.94540.95930.9939
AQI 1.01650.98660.95260.98630.97470.99080.9920.99220.98790.996
SGI 0.91991.02681.06051.06161.06960.97750.96080.96220.96680.985
DEPI 1.17811.31241.21691.09211.02581.0171.03281.03241.02451.0079
SGAI 0.9460.90430.86360.87850.92290.99791.03381.04281.05571.0587
LVGI 0.96880.92150.930.96440.98831.02691.00710.98090.97060.938
TATA -0.0496-0.01-0.0204-0.0453-0.0447-0.0607-0.0676-0.0762-0.0844-0.0965
M-score -2.65-2.42-2.47-2.61-2.69-2.81-2.81-2.89-2.89-3.86
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