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Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc (NAS:CRZO)
Beneish M-Score
-4.37 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc has a M-score of -4.38 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

CRZO' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -5.78   Max: 1.52
Current: -4.37

-5.78
1.52

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc was 1.52. The lowest was -5.78. And the median was -2.84.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0625+0.528 * 1.07+0.404 * 0.1782+0.892 * 0.8096+0.115 * 0.9313
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.3275+4.679 * -0.2701-0.327 * 1.4885
=-4.38

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Sep16) TTM:Last Year (Sep15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $49.3 Mil.
Revenue was 111.177 + 107.324 + 81.262 + 99.422 = $399.2 Mil.
Gross Profit was 80.583 + 79.133 + 52.086 + 70.061 = $281.9 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $77.5 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,420.5 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,334.7 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $226.1 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $71.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $229.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,333.8 Mil.
Net Income was -101.174 + -262.126 + -311.395 + -380.165 = $-1,054.9 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -93.812 + -250.467 + -263.767 + -355.437 = $-963.5 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 71.808 + 72.171 + 53.868 + 94.395 = $292.2 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $57.3 Mil.
Revenue was 106.237 + 123.494 + 100.05 + 163.275 = $493.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 77.504 + 93.365 + 71.283 + 130.361 = $372.5 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $171.3 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,318.3 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,071.0 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $322.9 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $66.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $302.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,412.2 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(49.294 / 399.185) / (57.305 / 493.056)
=0.1234866 / 0.11622412
=1.0625

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(372.513 / 493.056) / (281.863 / 399.185)
=0.75551864 / 0.70609617
=1.07

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (77.513 + 1334.695) / 1420.507) / (1 - (171.276 + 2071.019) / 2318.287)
=0.00584228 / 0.03277938
=0.1782

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=399.185 / 493.056
=0.8096

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(322.929 / (322.929 + 2071.019)) / (226.069 / (226.069 + 1334.695))
=0.13489391 / 0.14484509
=0.9313

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(71.391 / 399.185) / (66.427 / 493.056)
=0.17884189 / 0.13472506
=1.3275

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1333.801 + 229.762) / 1420.507) / ((1412.221 + 302.083) / 2318.287)
=1.10070771 / 0.73947013
=1.4885

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-1054.86 - -963.483 - 292.242) / 1420.507
=-0.2701

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc has a M-score of -4.38 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
DSRI 0.97910.67320.47171.8891.19571.21131.13090.69760.61220.9742
GMI 1.08050.99751.01151.10070.93120.95280.95620.99521.01551.1576
AQI 0.72591.70420.93954.05980.80841.23680.91450.1751.41661.1746
SGI 1.06131.51651.72250.52651.21081.46371.82121.41281.36530.6044
DEPI 0.97551.07371.09020.84311.44970.71530.63590.94080.99050.7241
SGAI 1.28310.80950.72382.42750.98410.79040.64391.12610.72811.444
LVGI 0.96110.97881.13381.26950.84721.08711.04510.86181.02781.2728
TATA -0.1491-0.1108-0.2105-0.4375-0.0887-0.1082-0.1212-0.123-0.1593-0.1784
M-score -3.25-2.51-3.31-3.19-2.54-2.33-2.25-3.28-3.04-3.73

Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc Quarterly Data

Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16
DSRI 0.80790.72440.61220.57790.64680.69530.97421.08971.01971.0625
GMI 0.99921.00331.01551.05581.09171.13171.15761.14161.11471.07
AQI 0.46531.01911.41661.31231.53241.97421.17460.26650.37890.1782
SGI 1.3891.3591.36531.15480.93330.72870.60440.62850.67620.8096
DEPI 0.85940.81670.99051.00851.06040.84880.72410.65940.64260.9313
SGAI 1.23211.00330.72810.77670.77331.02141.4441.12781.18461.3275
LVGI 0.92870.88191.02780.92040.92851.29541.27281.64791.8491.4885
TATA -0.1204-0.1735-0.1593-0.1684-0.1788-0.1764-0.1784-0.2093-0.2354-0.2701
M-score -3.12-3.20-3.04-3.30-3.37-3.48-3.73-4.20-4.39-4.38
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