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Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc (NAS:CRZO)
Beneish M-Score
-3.14 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc has a M-score of -3.14 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

CRZO' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -4.97   Max: 1.52
Current: -3.14

-4.97
1.52

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc was 1.52. The lowest was -4.97. And the median was -2.72.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.759+0.528 * 0.9992+0.404 * 0.4653+0.892 * 1.389+0.115 * 0.8592
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.2321+4.679 * -0.115-0.327 * 0.9287
=-3.14

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $134.5 Mil.
Revenue was 193.475 + 157.212 + 129.728 + 144.329 = $624.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 166.009 + 137.088 + 110.849 + 123.68 = $537.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $162.7 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,330.4 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,142.1 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $262.9 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $99.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $376.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,021.6 Mil.
Net Income was 2.319 + 5.976 + -23.989 + 4.521 = $-11.2 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -40.363 + -21.254 + -1.841 + -27.63 = $-91.1 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 92.352 + 102.391 + 56.998 + 96.211 = $348.0 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $127.6 Mil.
Revenue was 134.224 + 111.901 + 107.45 + 96.197 = $449.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 114.98 + 95.333 + 93.137 + 83.276 = $386.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $159.9 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,010.3 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,802.9 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $186.9 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $58.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $370.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $927.9 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(134.492 / 624.744) / (127.568 / 449.772)
=0.21527538 / 0.28362815
=0.759

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(137.088 / 449.772) / (166.009 / 624.744)
=0.85982676 / 0.86055408
=0.9992

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (162.712 + 2142.101) / 2330.428) / (1 - (159.943 + 1802.862) / 2010.297)
=0.01099154 / 0.02362437
=0.4653

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=624.744 / 449.772
=1.389

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(186.905 / (186.905 + 1802.862)) / (262.935 / (262.935 + 2142.101))
=0.09393311 / 0.10932685
=0.8592

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(99.428 / 624.744) / (58.095 / 449.772)
=0.15914999 / 0.12916544
=1.2321

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1021.606 + 376.064) / 2330.428) / ((927.904 + 370.303) / 2010.297)
=0.5997482 / 0.64577871
=0.9287

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-11.173 - -91.088 - 347.952) / 2330.428
=-0.115

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc has a M-score of -3.14 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.04361.31040.97910.67320.47171.8891.19571.21131.22930.6418
GMI 0.98280.96931.08050.99751.01151.10070.93120.95280.95620.9952
AQI 0.64260.78180.72591.70420.93954.05980.80841.23680.91450.175
SGI 1.36071.49161.06131.51651.72250.52651.21081.46371.82121.4128
DEPI 1.15241.09840.97551.07371.09020.84311.44970.71530.63720.9408
SGAI 1.01510.91621.28310.80950.72382.42750.98410.79040.64391.1261
LVGI 1.04121.28930.96110.97881.13381.26950.84721.08711.04510.8618
TATA -0.0973-0.056-0.1491-0.1103-0.2105-0.4375-0.0887-0.1082-0.1212-0.1445
M-score -2.73-2.19-3.25-2.50-3.31-3.19-2.54-2.33-2.16-3.44

Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
DSRI 1.34441.51041.65131.22931.02170.89260.60580.64180.67770.759
GMI 0.95320.95020.95690.95620.94720.96180.98030.99520.99840.9992
AQI 0.60260.69610.6140.91450.36750.43610.37060.1750.85940.4653
SGI 1.66751.68951.73771.82121.67221.65381.57321.41281.4161.389
DEPI 0.76180.72780.71590.63720.64660.82050.9090.94080.90570.8592
SGAI 0.68780.56880.73720.64390.72790.82040.82461.12611.18591.2321
LVGI 1.09631.08041.12731.04510.97770.97320.93880.86180.87470.9287
TATA -0.1134-0.1395-0.105-0.1212-0.1037-0.1199-0.1389-0.1445-0.152-0.115
M-score -2.29-2.18-1.92-2.16-2.62-2.79-3.21-3.44-3.18-3.14
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