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CommVault Systems Inc (NAS:CVLT)
Beneish M-Score
-2.76 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

CommVault Systems Inc has a M-score of -2.76 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

CVLT' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.29   Max: 19.1
Current: -2.76

-3.29
19.1

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of CommVault Systems Inc was 19.10. The lowest was -3.29. And the median was -2.88.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of CommVault Systems Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0297+0.528 * 1.0002+0.404 * 1.1682+0.892 * 1.1311+0.115 * 1.907
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0481+4.679 * -0.1203-0.327 * 1.0729
=-2.76

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $101.1 Mil.
Revenue was 151.144 + 152.643 + 156.819 + 153.25 = $613.9 Mil.
Gross Profit was 130.858 + 131.716 + 136.95 + 134.752 = $534.3 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $550.4 Mil.
Total Assets was $708.4 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $121.2 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $6.6 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $386.3 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $238.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Net Income was 6.496 + 12.729 + 15.657 + 17.591 = $52.5 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0.0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 32.182 + 35.444 + 39.919 + 30.162 = $137.7 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $86.8 Mil.
Revenue was 141.863 + 134.408 + 138.274 + 128.147 = $542.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 123.707 + 116.63 + 120.418 + 111.684 = $472.4 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $606.8 Mil.
Total Assets was $688.3 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $50.9 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $5.6 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $325.9 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $216.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(101.081 / 613.856) / (86.785 / 542.692)
=0.16466565 / 0.15991575
=1.0297

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(131.716 / 542.692) / (130.858 / 613.856)
=0.8705472 / 0.87036048
=1.0002

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (550.399 + 121.186) / 708.381) / (1 - (606.786 + 50.919) / 688.311)
=0.0519438 / 0.04446537
=1.1682

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=613.856 / 542.692
=1.1311

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(5.595 / (5.595 + 50.919)) / (6.636 / (6.636 + 121.186))
=0.09900202 / 0.05191595
=1.907

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(386.291 / 613.856) / (325.851 / 542.692)
=0.62928602 / 0.6004345
=1.0481

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((0 + 238.593) / 708.381) / ((0 + 216.073) / 688.311)
=0.33681451 / 0.31391769
=1.0729

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(52.473 - 0 - 137.707) / 708.381
=-0.1203

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

CommVault Systems Inc has a M-score of -2.76 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

CommVault Systems Inc Annual Data

Mar05Mar06Mar07Mar08Mar09Mar10Mar11Mar12Mar13Mar14
DSRI 0.7520.87571.53080.84051.14111.0960.71021.02861.1788
GMI 0.99781.00760.99140.99381.0010.99861.00120.99960.9951
AQI 2.090619.34610.68860.83270.53920.7580.98750.6931.0192
SGI 1.32491.38031.31231.18261.15571.16141.29181.21941.1825
DEPI 1.21080.87341.10070.94481.01810.95911.07071.8672.905
SGAI 0.91960.98931.03331.07060.96671.01951.01890.94060.995
LVGI 0.91070.72870.86961.02520.98251.00571.02720.8780.9181
TATA -0.22530.212-0.085-0.1487-0.1358-0.0917-0.1573-0.0983-0.0729
M-score -2.976.23-2.19-3.26-3.02-2.79-3.23-2.69-2.24

CommVault Systems Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
DSRI 0.75390.8120.8961.02861.09331.03181.23521.17881.15181.0297
GMI 1.00561.00210.99860.99960.99660.99730.99580.99510.99791.0002
AQI 0.9840.79690.81750.6930.74690.74470.74551.01921.16931.1682
SGI 1.2541.23421.23371.21941.21721.21391.2041.18251.16491.1311
DEPI 1.14421.14771.20241.8672.51363.17013.75422.9052.24651.907
SGAI 1.00380.98430.96530.94060.95440.97550.98510.9951.01021.0481
LVGI 0.93820.84810.86010.8780.91220.88390.88650.91811.07021.0729
TATA -0.1175-0.1212-0.1-0.0983-0.0993-0.0863-0.0771-0.0729-0.0994-0.1203
M-score -3.00-3.02-2.83-2.69-2.56-2.48-2.19-2.24-2.47-2.76
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