CYBX has been removed from your Stock Email Alerts list.
Please enter Portfolio Name for new portfolio.
The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Cyberonics Inc was 7.02. The lowest was -10000000.00. And the median was -2.51.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Cyberonics Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.0802||+||0.528 * 1.0061||+||0.404 * 0.836||+||0.892 * 1.0541||+||0.115 * 0.8431|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.9482||+||4.679 * -0.0645||-||0.327 * 1.2885|
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.
|This Year (Jul15) TTM:||Last Year (Jul14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $55.0 Mil.|
Revenue was 81.011 + 74.072 + 72.065 + 73.417 = $300.6 Mil.
Gross Profit was 71.578 + 66.477 + 65.525 + 66.651 = $270.2 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $263.6 Mil.
Total Assets was $338.2 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $40.7 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $7.2 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $124.3 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $36.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Net Income was 12.419 + 10.514 + 16.541 + 17.273 = $56.7 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -2.068 + 0.112 + 0.203 + -0.007 = $-1.8 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 18.738 + 16.173 + 20.873 + 24.531 = $80.3 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $48.3 Mil.
Revenue was 72.004 + 74.849 + 68.191 + 70.101 = $285.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 65.594 + 67.425 + 61.731 + 63.175 = $257.9 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $215.1 Mil.
Total Assets was $289.9 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $40.1 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $5.8 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $124.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $24.2 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(54.991 / 300.565)||/||(48.297 / 285.145)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(66.477 / 285.145)||/||(71.578 / 300.565)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (263.615 + 40.735) / 338.227)||/||(1 - (215.098 + 40.088) / 289.923)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(5.807 / (5.807 + 40.088))||/||(7.193 / (7.193 + 40.735))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(124.298 / 300.565)||/||(124.363 / 285.145)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((0 + 36.303) / 338.227)||/||((0 + 24.15) / 289.923)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(56.747 - -1.76||-||80.315)||/||338.227|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Cyberonics Inc has a M-score of -2.83 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Cyberonics Inc Annual Data
Cyberonics Inc Quarterly Data