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Dana Holding Corp (NYSE:DAN)
Beneish M-Score
-2.58 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Dana Holding Corp has a M-score of -2.58 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

DAN' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.34   Max: -1.49
Current: -2.58

-3.34
-1.49

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Dana Holding Corp was -1.49. The lowest was -3.34. And the median was -2.71.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Dana Holding Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.974+0.528 * 0.9517+0.404 * 1.1262+0.892 * 0.9775+0.115 * 1.149
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0255+4.679 * -0.0172-0.327 * 1.0547
=-2.58

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec14) TTM:Last Year (Dec13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $755 Mil.
Revenue was 1582 + 1637 + 1710 + 1688 = $6,617 Mil.
Gross Profit was 223 + 240 + 248 + 234 = $945 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,954 Mil.
Total Assets was $4,930 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,176 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $213 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $411 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,261 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,613 Mil.
Net Income was 109 + 90 + 86 + 34 = $319 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -124 + 0 + 18 + 0 = $-106 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 208 + 109 + 193 + 0 = $510 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $793 Mil.
Revenue was 1624 + 1669 + 1800 + 1676 = $6,769 Mil.
Gross Profit was 212 + 235 + 259 + 214 = $920 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,165 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,129 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,225 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $262 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $410 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,268 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,567 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(755 / 6617) / (793 / 6769)
=0.11410005 / 0.11715172
=0.974

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(240 / 6769) / (223 / 6617)
=0.13591372 / 0.14281396
=0.9517

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2954 + 1176) / 4930) / (1 - (3165 + 1225) / 5129)
=0.16227181 / 0.14408267
=1.1262

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=6617 / 6769
=0.9775

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(262 / (262 + 1225)) / (213 / (213 + 1176))
=0.17619368 / 0.15334773
=1.149

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(411 / 6617) / (410 / 6769)
=0.06211274 / 0.06057025
=1.0255

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1613 + 1261) / 4930) / ((1567 + 1268) / 5129)
=0.58296146 / 0.55273933
=1.0547

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(319 - -106 - 510) / 4930
=-0.0172

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Dana Holding Corp has a M-score of -2.58 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Dana Holding Corp Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 1.28640.73861.36240.98110.76840.87261.03460.974
GMI 0.70741.78630.67670.42280.92470.88190.9920.9517
AQI 0.5581.61210.91280.80211.15121.00580.77851.1262
SGI 1.02550.84210.71191.13261.27410.95760.9370.9775
DEPI 00.77530.8351.11910.9781.05541.0371.149
SGAI 0.84940.98581.45111.12560.82031.06181.0321.0255
LVGI 1.47721.01320.90531.01121.00910.94911.34561.0547
TATA -0.01840.0253-0.1244-0.0541-0.0286-0.0066-0.0626-0.0136
M-score -2.86-2.11-3.26-3.03-2.54-2.71-3.01-2.57

Dana Holding Corp Quarterly Data

Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14
DSRI 0.8210.87531.16881.00281.05111.03460.81170.96420.99880.974
GMI 0.90920.87910.92230.95660.98580.9920.95890.96170.95530.9517
AQI 0.93271.00580.93960.95640.94150.77850.84050.84410.8351.1262
SGI 1.06620.95450.89710.87910.89930.9370.97770.9840.98590.9775
DEPI 1.03221.05541.03591.05381.05931.0371.06291.1051.0811.149
SGAI 0.92471.06521.07081.07451.07751.0321.01791.03121.03421.0255
LVGI 0.98120.94910.94310.94171.26041.34561.32121.29821.03471.0547
TATA -0.0034-0.0058-0.0388-0.0512-0.0437-0.0651-0.0692-0.0689-0.0678-0.0172
M-score -2.65-2.71-2.65-2.85-2.85-3.02-3.18-3.02-2.91-2.58
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