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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of DGSE Companies Inc was 8.30. The lowest was -10000000.00. And the median was -2.44.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of DGSE Companies Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.1957||+||0.528 * 1.1738||+||0.404 * 0.8968||+||0.892 * 0.9586||+||0.115 * 0.8191|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0028||+||4.679 * -0.183||-||0.327 * 1.2109|
|This Year (Jun16) TTM:||Last Year (Jun15) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $0.20 Mil.|
Revenue was 15.498 + 11.775 + 16.576 + 16.524 = $60.37 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2.282 + 2.149 + 2.437 + 2.387 = $9.26 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $11.06 Mil.
Total Assets was $15.36 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $4.18 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $0.52 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $10.95 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $10.37 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2.31 Mil.
Net Income was -0.537 + -0.69 + -0.895 + -0.469 = $-2.59 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0.001 + 0.008 + 0 = $0.01 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -0.336 + -0.179 + 0.65 + 0.075 = $0.21 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $0.17 Mil.
Revenue was 14.943 + 12.875 + 18.12 + 17.04 = $62.98 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2.569 + 2.333 + 3.296 + 3.134 = $11.33 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $12.06 Mil.
Total Assets was $16.44 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $4.23 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $0.42 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $11.39 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $7.36 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3.84 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(0.196 / 60.373)||/||(0.171 / 62.978)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(11.332 / 62.978)||/||(9.255 / 60.373)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (11.056 + 4.178) / 15.358)||/||(1 - (12.064 + 4.227) / 16.439)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(0.423 / (0.423 + 4.227))||/||(0.522 / (0.522 + 4.178))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(10.947 / 60.373)||/||(11.387 / 62.978)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((2.311 + 10.365) / 15.358)||/||((3.844 + 7.361) / 16.439)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(-2.591 - 0.009||-||0.21)||/||15.358|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
DGSE Companies Inc has a M-score of -3.23 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
DGSE Companies Inc Annual Data
DGSE Companies Inc Quarterly Data