Switch to:
DGSE Companies Inc (AMEX:DGSE)
Beneish M-Score
-4.98 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

DGSE Companies Inc has a M-score of -4.98 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

DGSE' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -10000000   Max: 8.3
Current: -4.98

-10000000
8.3

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of DGSE Companies Inc was 8.30. The lowest was -10000000.00. And the median was -2.37.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of DGSE Companies Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.0655+0.528 * 0.9442+0.404 * 0.0681+0.892 * 0.8031+0.115 * 0.5105
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0458+4.679 * -0.1984-0.327 * 1.1944
=-4.98

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $0.02 Mil.
Revenue was 12.875 + 18.12 + 17.04 + 17.518 = $65.55 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2.333 + 3.296 + 3.134 + 3.01 = $11.77 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $12.86 Mil.
Total Assets was $17.25 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $4.24 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $0.43 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $12.22 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $8.06 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3.88 Mil.
Net Income was -0.798 + 0.272 + 0.18 + -4.452 = $-4.80 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.003 + 0.13 + 0.006 + 0.031 = $0.17 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -0.96 + 0.253 + -0.299 + -0.54 = $-1.55 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $0.29 Mil.
Revenue was 18.064 + 20.791 + 19 + 23.775 = $81.63 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3.211 + 4.434 + 3.312 + 2.885 = $13.84 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $15.57 Mil.
Total Assets was $23.69 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $5.05 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $0.25 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $14.55 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $9.70 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4.03 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(0.015 / 65.553) / (0.285 / 81.63)
=0.00022882 / 0.00349136
=0.0655

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(3.296 / 81.63) / (2.333 / 65.553)
=0.16957001 / 0.17959514
=0.9442

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (12.861 + 4.237) / 17.25) / (1 - (15.572 + 5.052) / 23.689)
=0.00881159 / 0.12938495
=0.0681

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=65.553 / 81.63
=0.8031

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(0.251 / (0.251 + 5.052)) / (0.433 / (0.433 + 4.237))
=0.0473317 / 0.09271949
=0.5105

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(12.215 / 65.553) / (14.545 / 81.63)
=0.18633777 / 0.17818204
=1.0458

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((3.882 + 8.057) / 17.25) / ((4.026 + 9.701) / 23.689)
=0.69211594 / 0.57946726
=1.1944

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-4.798 - 0.17 - -1.546) / 17.25
=-0.1984

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

DGSE Companies Inc has a M-score of -4.98 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

DGSE Companies Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 0.61191.23922.50820.31640.39891.13911.31030.49550.33296.828
GMI 1.13161.13270.90051.45410.85420.95621.03940.76121.16420.9121
AQI 0.84781.33892.83670.49820.98730.026525.861.00611.13890.056
SGI 1.24151.23331.43571.60760.84340.96721.68540.91890.68110.8122
DEPI 1.25190.95752.0930.60771.17160.92161.36090.50961.75690.8857
SGAI 0.88360.86961.22510.53141.53481.12530.66942.04410.85031.0861
LVGI 1.0671.01080.91421.32961.01491.50140.49040.80951.60711.1662
TATA 0.02540.03050.1243-0.2154-0.05170.1491-0.0944-0.0726-0.1934-0.1648
M-score -2.47-1.690.68-3.61-3.57-2.298.30-3.65-4.231.43

DGSE Companies Inc Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
DSRI 0.49551.57320.33090.12720.31230.57410.94112.20847.27660.0655
GMI 0.76110.88670.94251.19571.10621.08440.98140.91660.960.9442
AQI 1.00610.87820.90560.93161.13891.01280.05990.06060.0560.0681
SGI 0.91890.83430.81320.83030.72580.65670.63070.67030.76220.8031
DEPI 0.51020.56850.82471.18751.75472.761.40721.17250.88570.5105
SGAI 2.0441.71041.30450.96390.88170.9271.07881.08621.04781.0458
LVGI 0.80950.97780.82921.73471.60711.65341.9051.21541.16621.1944
TATA -0.0726-0.1217-0.1555-0.1771-0.1941-0.2426-0.4551-0.3069-0.1658-0.1984
M-score -3.65-2.94-4.07-4.40-4.24-4.26-5.65-3.591.83-4.98
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)

GuruFocus Premium Plus Membership

FEEDBACK