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DineEquity Inc (NYSE:DIN)
Beneish M-Score
-2.55 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

DineEquity Inc has a M-score of -2.55 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

DIN' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -4.77   Max: -0.35
Current: -2.55

-4.77
-0.35

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of DineEquity Inc was -0.35. The lowest was -4.77. And the median was -2.56.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of DineEquity Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0343+0.528 * 0.992+0.404 * 0.9893+0.892 * 1.0113+0.115 * 0.9142
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9805+4.679 * -0.0203-0.327 * 1.0083
=-2.55

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $91.3 Mil.
Revenue was 162.853 + 160.521 + 167.201 + 157.901 = $648.5 Mil.
Gross Profit was 91.629 + 94.473 + 97.072 + 91.199 = $374.4 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $308.6 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,342.8 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $252.7 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $35.1 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $141.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $252.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,347.2 Mil.
Net Income was 18.887 + 19.167 + 20.824 + 18.131 = $77.0 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.012 + -0.513 + -1.133 + -1.167 = $-2.8 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 46.435 + 3.152 + 52.84 + 25.001 = $127.4 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $87.3 Mil.
Revenue was 161.283 + 158.114 + 163.169 + 158.637 = $641.2 Mil.
Gross Profit was 93.043 + 91.026 + 94.424 + 88.738 = $367.2 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $261.8 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,347.7 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $281.4 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $35.3 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $142.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $217.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,372.3 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(91.292 / 648.476) / (87.276 / 641.203)
=0.1407793 / 0.1361129
=1.0343

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(94.473 / 641.203) / (91.629 / 648.476)
=0.5727219 / 0.57731204
=0.992

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (308.581 + 252.673) / 2342.758) / (1 - (261.764 + 281.432) / 2347.716)
=0.76043023 / 0.76862789
=0.9893

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=648.476 / 641.203
=1.0113

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(35.298 / (35.298 + 281.432)) / (35.076 / (35.076 + 252.673))
=0.11144508 / 0.1218979
=0.9142

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(141.418 / 648.476) / (142.611 / 641.203)
=0.21807746 / 0.22241162
=0.9805

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1347.156 + 252.265) / 2342.758) / ((1372.279 + 217.32) / 2347.716)
=0.68270859 / 0.67708317
=1.0083

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(77.009 - -2.801 - 127.428) / 2342.758
=-0.0203

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

DineEquity Inc has a M-score of -2.55 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

DineEquity Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.06271.0151.03851.82580.3071.01311.00031.45251.40661.4873
GMI 2.7440.93650.96411.091.37740.84930.98220.85010.82210.7989
AQI 0.99151.05020.9981.19011.07921.01021.03161.07531.06110.9892
SGI 0.88690.96941.00441.38623.33010.87630.94320.80620.79050.7536
DEPI 1.03210.90960.98042.23760.33431.04010.85680.95220.80881.0371
SGAI 0.20181.01281.07590.92640.67070.99241.07271.20551.32511.1674
LVGI 1.01291.03780.94621.71630.93071.11221.04910.9430.90621.0058
TATA -0.0204-0.0073-0.0203-0.0279-0.0789-0.0573-0.031-0.0285-0.0075-0.022
M-score -1.56-2.57-2.55-1.46-1.17-2.95-2.72-2.44-2.44-2.49

DineEquity Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
DSRI 1.3291.25461.40661.34361.70551.68221.48731.33551.04181.0343
GMI 0.84550.84880.82210.80710.77210.74680.79890.8520.91620.992
AQI 1.04051.07671.06111.04451.05491.01540.98920.9940.99280.9893
SGI 0.81530.82390.79050.7520.70930.68690.75360.83970.92911.0113
DEPI 1.01420.83140.80880.80340.82870.98011.03710.98380.94790.9142
SGAI 1.20281.27331.32511.33081.40761.24861.16741.0860.98590.9805
LVGI 1.05180.99750.90620.92330.93470.98391.00581.00961.0091.0083
TATA -0.0272-0.0326-0.0078-0.0179-0.0152-0.0096-0.022-0.0138-0.0212-0.0203
M-score -2.58-2.67-2.45-2.61-2.33-2.34-2.49-2.48-2.66-2.55
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