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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Ellie Mae Inc has a M-score of -2.47 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 6 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Ellie Mae Inc was -2.05. The lowest was -2.56. And the median was -2.40.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Ellie Mae Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.1071||+||0.528 * 1.0499||+||0.404 * 0.9341||+||0.892 * 1.1611||+||0.115 * 1.1389|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.065||+||4.679 * -0.0533||-||0.327 * 0.9491|
|This Year (Mar14) TTM:||Last Year (Mar13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $13.7 Mil.|
Revenue was 32.178 + 30.35 + 33.006 + 34.27 = $129.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 22.978 + 22.152 + 24.674 + 25.663 = $95.5 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $95.8 Mil.
Total Assets was $235.1 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $15.5 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $6.5 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $54.8 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $19.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.5 Mil.
Net Income was 0.782 + 1.618 + 3.36 + 3.685 = $9.4 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.001 + -0.41 + 0.083 + 0.151 = $-0.2 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 2.123 + 8.27 + 0.316 + 11.442 = $22.2 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $10.7 Mil.
Revenue was 30.855 + 29.914 + 27.456 + 23.569 = $111.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 23.244 + 23.389 + 21.407 + 18.286 = $86.3 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $75.2 Mil.
Total Assets was $195.9 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $10.3 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $5.2 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $44.3 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $17.4 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(13.707 / 129.804)||/||(10.663 / 111.794)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(22.152 / 111.794)||/||(22.978 / 129.804)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (95.804 + 15.545) / 235.06)||/||(1 - (75.212 + 10.327) / 195.927)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(5.215 / (5.215 + 10.327))||/||(6.493 / (6.493 + 15.545))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(54.783 / 129.804)||/||(44.301 / 111.794)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((0.518 + 19.322) / 235.06)||/||((0 + 17.423) / 195.927)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(9.445 - -0.175||-||22.151)||/||235.06|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Ellie Mae Inc has a M-score of -2.47 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Ellie Mae Inc Annual Data
Ellie Mae Inc Quarterly Data