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Emerson Electric Co (NYSE:EMR)
Beneish M-Score
-2.79 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Emerson Electric Co has a M-score of -2.79 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

EMR' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -2.98   Max: -2.31
Current: -2.79

-2.98
-2.31

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Emerson Electric Co was -2.31. The lowest was -2.98. And the median was -2.57.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Emerson Electric Co for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9604+0.528 * 0.9839+0.404 * 0.9183+0.892 * 0.981+0.115 * 0.9759
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0075+4.679 * -0.0391-0.327 * 1.094
=-2.79

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $4,299 Mil.
Revenue was 5400 + 5587 + 6807 + 6312 = $24,106 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2166 + 2280 + 2889 + 2638 = $9,973 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $10,344 Mil.
Total Assets was $22,968 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,570 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $824 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $5,600 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $8,770 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,272 Mil.
Net Income was 973 + 525 + 410 + 728 = $2,636 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 849 + 0 + -573 + -96 = $180 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 358 + 571 + 1408 + 1018 = $3,355 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $4,563 Mil.
Revenue was 5812 + 5606 + 6812 + 6344 = $24,574 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2395 + 2236 + 2804 + 2568 = $10,003 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $10,203 Mil.
Total Assets was $24,346 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,692 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $827 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $5,666 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $7,832 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,836 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(4299 / 24106) / (4563 / 24574)
=0.17833734 / 0.18568406
=0.9604

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(2280 / 24574) / (2166 / 24106)
=0.40705624 / 0.41371443
=0.9839

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (10344 + 3570) / 22968) / (1 - (10203 + 3692) / 24346)
=0.39420063 / 0.4292697
=0.9183

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=24106 / 24574
=0.981

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(827 / (827 + 3692)) / (824 / (824 + 3570))
=0.18300509 / 0.18752845
=0.9759

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(5600 / 24106) / (5666 / 24574)
=0.23230731 / 0.23056889
=1.0075

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((3272 + 8770) / 22968) / ((3836 + 7832) / 24346)
=0.52429467 / 0.47925737
=1.094

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(2636 - 180 - 3355) / 22968
=-0.0391

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Emerson Electric Co has a M-score of -2.79 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Emerson Electric Co Annual Data

Sep05Sep06Sep07Sep08Sep09Sep10Sep11Sep12Sep13Sep14
DSRI 1.00211.00081.02220.96710.96821.0520.98031.09820.95481.0495
GMI 0.99760.9890.99130.98920.97960.95031.0030.98610.99180.9745
AQI 1.00111.01440.9560.93741.11761.12470.94760.92080.9381.0009
SGI 1.10821.14041.12151.12090.81031.04661.15131.00781.01050.9946
DEPI 1.01120.99390.98820.95670.97550.86480.98731.06031.07190.9461
SGAI 0.98870.99420.99951.00541.12640.97920.96071.01231.02821.0173
LVGI 1.02390.97330.99521.03520.96581.00830.98981.0141.03091.0512
TATA -0.0327-0.029-0.039-0.0419-0.0689-0.0494-0.0166-0.0039-0.0306-0.0266
M-score -2.54-2.48-2.56-2.65-2.98-2.61-2.45-2.44-2.69-2.60

Emerson Electric Co Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
DSRI 1.09751.02841.01440.95480.96951.00591.01061.04951.00260.9604
GMI 0.97870.97720.98290.99180.99650.99040.98190.97450.97030.9839
AQI 0.91670.9180.90430.9381.01481.01291.03771.00090.93190.9183
SGI 1.02751.02641.01241.01051.00270.9950.99940.99460.99170.981
DEPI 1.04751.01731.02941.07191.03451.051.04840.94610.99130.9759
SGAI 0.99230.99731.02651.02821.03781.02731.01721.01731.00441.0075
LVGI 1.00210.9951.01831.03091.00341.06231.02881.05121.13061.094
TATA 0.0030.00130.0002-0.0306-0.0367-0.0361-0.0354-0.033-0.0259-0.0391
M-score -2.39-2.47-2.51-2.69-2.68-2.67-2.64-2.63-2.69-2.79
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