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Ensco PLC (NYSE:ESV)
Beneish M-Score
-2.54 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Ensco PLC has a M-score of -2.54 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ESV' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.19   Max: 0.13
Current: -2.54

-3.19
0.13

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Ensco PLC was 0.13. The lowest was -3.19. And the median was -2.46.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Ensco PLC for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9219+0.528 * 1.0328+0.404 * 0.9356+0.892 * 1.144+0.115 * 0.9824
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.8618+4.679 * -0.031-0.327 * 0.9498
=-2.54

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $856 Mil.
Revenue was 1255.6 + 1266.2 + 1248.1 + 1149.9 = $4,920 Mil.
Gross Profit was 639.9 + 647 + 641.3 + 589.1 = $2,517 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,535 Mil.
Total Assets was $19,473 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $14,311 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $589 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $147 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,047 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,719 Mil.
Net Income was 361.4 + 378.8 + 360.9 + 317.1 = $1,418 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 2 + 34.3 + -0.3 + 6.1 = $42 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 547.9 + 648.2 + 441.9 + 342.3 = $1,980 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $811 Mil.
Revenue was 1085.5 + 1123.5 + 1071.1 + 1020.6 = $4,301 Mil.
Gross Profit was 561 + 616.2 + 577.1 + 518.4 = $2,273 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,724 Mil.
Total Assets was $18,565 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $13,146 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $532 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $149 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $990 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,798 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(855.7 / 4919.8) / (811.4 / 4300.7)
=0.17392983 / 0.18866696
=0.9219

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(647 / 4300.7) / (639.9 / 4919.8)
=0.52844886 / 0.51166714
=1.0328

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1535.2 + 14311) / 19472.9) / (1 - (1723.9 + 13145.6) / 18565.3)
=0.18624345 / 0.19907031
=0.9356

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=4919.8 / 4300.7
=1.144

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(531.5 / (531.5 + 13145.6)) / (589.4 / (589.4 + 14311))
=0.03886058 / 0.03955599
=0.9824

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(146.8 / 4919.8) / (148.9 / 4300.7)
=0.02983861 / 0.03462227
=0.8618

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((4718.9 + 1047.3) / 19472.9) / ((4798.4 + 989.7) / 18565.3)
=0.29611409 / 0.31176981
=0.9498

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(1418.2 - 42.1 - 1980.3) / 19472.9
=-0.031

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Ensco PLC has a M-score of -2.54 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Ensco PLC Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 1.24331.03930.73610.95841.09910.85210.74593.48730.42210.9219
GMI 0.97910.7890.82351.00330.98951.09791.12161.15530.91221.0328
AQI 0.90030.86940.85891.08390.98930.95580.87592.64710.93880.9356
SGI 0.98521.41431.71111.18011.1460.78910.88631.67111.53721.144
DEPI 0.98630.95910.9791.06461.01191.14071.02761.58250.74280.9824
SGAI 1.52720.68360.81451.13040.7891.50741.51781.10230.61070.8618
LVGI 0.96540.87360.818910.75290.91320.75964.15310.89860.9498
TATA -0.0512-0.0197-0.043-0.0580.0014-0.0707-0.0363-0.0085-0.0556-0.031
M-score -2.64-2.24-2.35-2.61-2.14-3.14-2.980.13-2.79-2.54

Ensco PLC Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
DSRI 1.26583.48731.29640.55040.69560.42210.83030.90640.79830.9219
GMI 1.1521.15531.07311.03690.95830.91220.92810.96371.01531.0328
AQI 2.57562.64713.8890.93360.93750.93880.93740.94440.93320.9356
SGI 1.2471.67112.17812.27811.8731.53721.28151.16231.13861.144
DEPI 1.63651.58251.38360.65220.84190.74280.80160.85830.85880.9824
SGAI 1.32281.10230.80060.56160.58310.61070.69510.83040.8350.8618
LVGI 3.41414.15311.03570.9450.9020.89860.89050.9060.94360.9498
TATA -0.0131-0.0085-0.0206-0.0302-0.0413-0.0556-0.042-0.039-0.0418-0.031
M-score -2.130.130.02-1.85-2.14-2.79-2.58-2.60-2.73-2.54
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