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E*TRADE Financial Corp (NAS:ETFC)
Beneish M-Score
-2.33 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

E*TRADE Financial Corp has a M-score of -2.33 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ETFC' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.38   Max: 599.49
Current: -2.33

-3.38
599.49

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of E*TRADE Financial Corp was 599.49. The lowest was -3.38. And the median was -2.30.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of E*TRADE Financial Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.708+0.528 * 1+0.404 * 1.001+0.892 * 1.3656+0.115 * 1.212
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.7549+4.679 * -0.0077-0.327 * 0.8177
=-2.33

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Sep16) TTM:Last Year (Sep15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $7,670 Mil.
Revenue was 486 + 474 + 472 + 432 = $1,864 Mil.
Gross Profit was 486 + 474 + 472 + 432 = $1,864 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0 Mil.
Total Assets was $49,199 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $231 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $228 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $835 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,403 Mil.
Net Income was 139 + 133 + 153 + 89 = $514 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 401 + 231 + 96 + 164 = $892 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $7,933 Mil.
Revenue was 61 + 429 + 441 + 434 = $1,365 Mil.
Gross Profit was 61 + 429 + 441 + 434 = $1,365 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0 Mil.
Total Assets was $41,205 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $236 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $357 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $810 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,437 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(7670 / 1864) / (7933 / 1365)
=4.11480687 / 5.81172161
=0.708

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(1365 / 1365) / (1864 / 1864)
=1 / 1
=1

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (0 + 231) / 49199) / (1 - (0 + 236) / 41205)
=0.99530478 / 0.99427254
=1.001

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=1864 / 1365
=1.3656

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(357 / (357 + 236)) / (228 / (228 + 231))
=0.60202361 / 0.49673203
=1.212

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(835 / 1864) / (810 / 1365)
=0.44796137 / 0.59340659
=0.7549

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1403 + 0) / 49199) / ((1437 + 0) / 41205)
=0.02851684 / 0.03487441
=0.8177

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(514 - 0 - 892) / 49199
=-0.0077

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

E*TRADE Financial Corp has a M-score of -2.33 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

E*TRADE Financial Corp Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
DSRI
GMI
AQI
SGI
DEPI
SGAI
LVGI
TATA
M-score

E*TRADE Financial Corp Quarterly Data

Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16
DSRI 1.17171.15661.27671.1171.11141.24731.19321.04521.10060.708
GMI 1111111111
AQI 1.00091.00020.99970.99970.99990.99951.00021.00031.00041.001
SGI 1.04931.1341.05521.00170.99770.78360.77530.80860.83911.3656
DEPI 1.03861.08981.08761.05210.99710.96040.99191.05631.15351.212
SGAI 0.93040.88760.95751.02991.04031.34251.35631.31261.24580.7549
LVGI 0.88710.99812.1140.75580.73970.52130.23530.58790.57570.8177
TATA -0.0192-0.0063-0.009-0.0017-0.007-0.019-0.0124-0.0225-0.0111-0.0077
M-score -2.31-2.22-2.57-2.30-2.33-2.44-2.37-2.63-2.47-2.33
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