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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Finisar Corp was 140.18. The lowest was -10.57. And the median was -2.93.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Finisar Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.0402||+||0.528 * 0.8408||+||0.404 * 0.652||+||0.892 * 1.1156||+||0.115 * 1.0272|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.8844||+||4.679 * -0.035||-||0.327 * 1.4314|
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.
|This Year (Jan17) TTM:||Last Year (Jan16) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $280 Mil.|
Revenue was 380.588 + 369.863 + 341.325 + 318.794 = $1,411 Mil.
Gross Profit was 136.637 + 133.681 + 108.165 + 90.442 = $469 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,886 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,392 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $357 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $95 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $107 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $265 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $700 Mil.
Net Income was 46.386 + 48.766 + 23.949 + 13.072 = $132 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.339 + 0.795 + -0.059 + -0.081 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 53.468 + 60.141 + 47.404 + 54.603 = $216 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $241 Mil.
Revenue was 309.206 + 321.136 + 314.03 + 320.042 = $1,264 Mil.
Gross Profit was 87.74 + 89.091 + 87.377 + 89.218 = $353 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,102 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,598 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $343 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $94 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $108 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $222 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $229 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(280.099 / 1410.57)||/||(241.384 / 1264.414)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(353.426 / 1264.414)||/||(468.925 / 1410.57)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (1885.661 + 357.039) / 2391.671)||/||(1 - (1102.28 + 342.818) / 1597.728)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(93.932 / (93.932 + 342.818))||/||(94.552 / (94.552 + 357.039))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(106.918 / 1410.57)||/||(108.37 / 1264.414)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((699.903 + 264.603) / 2391.671)||/||((228.561 + 221.573) / 1597.728)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(132.173 - 0.316||-||215.616)||/||2391.671|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Finisar Corp has a M-score of -2.85 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Finisar Corp Annual Data
Finisar Corp Quarterly Data