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Five Star Quality Care Inc (NYSE:FVE)
Beneish M-Score
-3.61 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Five Star Quality Care Inc has a M-score of -3.61 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

FVE' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.97   Max: 0.51
Current: -3.61

-3.97
0.51

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Five Star Quality Care Inc was 0.51. The lowest was -3.97. And the median was -2.73.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Five Star Quality Care Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0256+0.528 * 1.027+0.404 * 0.624+0.892 * 1.0245+0.115 * 0.8906
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0018+4.679 * -0.2021-0.327 * 1.243
=-3.61

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec14) TTM:Last Year (Dec13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $39 Mil.
Revenue was 332.526 + 334.339 + 332.799 + 328.411 = $1,328 Mil.
Gross Profit was 199.028 + 208.632 + 207.487 + 201.389 = $817 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $122 Mil.
Total Assets was $535 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $357 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $33 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $803 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $215 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $49 Mil.
Net Income was -73.748 + -3.008 + -1.891 + -6.759 = $-85 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.043 + 0.023 + 0.013 + 0.313 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -5.946 + -6.741 + 26.042 + 8.982 = $22 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $37 Mil.
Revenue was 325.225 + 324.263 + 323.261 + 323.6 = $1,296 Mil.
Gross Profit was 203.853 + 204.115 + 205.356 + 205.204 = $819 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $151 Mil.
Total Assets was $590 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $340 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $28 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $783 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $199 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $36 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(38.814 / 1328.075) / (36.94 / 1296.349)
=0.02922576 / 0.02849541
=1.0256

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(208.632 / 1296.349) / (199.028 / 1328.075)
=0.63141021 / 0.61482672
=1.027

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (121.781 + 357.186) / 534.973) / (1 - (150.884 + 340.276) / 590.183)
=0.1046894 / 0.16778355
=0.624

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=1328.075 / 1296.349
=1.0245

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(28.109 / (28.109 + 340.276)) / (33.47 / (33.47 + 357.186))
=0.07630332 / 0.0856764
=0.8906

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(803.293 / 1328.075) / (782.664 / 1296.349)
=0.60485515 / 0.60374482
=1.0018

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((49.373 + 215.392) / 534.973) / ((36.461 + 198.528) / 590.183)
=0.49491283 / 0.39816294
=1.243

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-85.406 - 0.392 - 22.337) / 534.973
=-0.2021

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Five Star Quality Care Inc has a M-score of -3.61 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Five Star Quality Care Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 1.02241.32280.72710.9940.87251.24730.59470.83490.87761.026
GMI 1.01773.2271.02090.9841.00170.28611.02621.09991.07111.0289
AQI 0.92370.76610.94942.20260.37071.15891.54390.94921.02060.624
SGI 1.22781.11111.19291.12961.06620.8461.06961.13921.07371.0241
DEPI 0.49950.86740.8441.30530.91951.26191.13540.80450.88630.8906
SGAI 0.96930.50240.51341.06421.03933.69630.97750.90470.94171.0017
LVGI 1.23151.25680.92451.03930.82680.79820.97150.88770.98481.243
TATA 0.26790.1706-0.0548-0.06740.1119-0.22150.044-0.0422-0.0636-0.2021
M-score -1.15-0.22-2.73-2.20-2.23-4.11-2.32-2.64-2.78-3.61

Five Star Quality Care Inc Quarterly Data

Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14
DSRI 0.88280.86550.57610.59310.56740.87790.83350.83930.91581.0256
GMI 0.85510.88410.92241.14861.18241.07311.0561.0371.01591.027
AQI 2.31820.94921.02820.89340.93161.02061.07511.04491.08750.624
SGI 1.03651.09891.14531.18691.22771.07331.04921.03461.02071.0245
DEPI 0.65630.80450.7850.84640.87390.88630.88540.9340.91010.8906
SGAI 1.18321.13971.08830.86840.8490.94160.96950.98921.01061.0018
LVGI 0.75590.88770.85290.83930.95150.98481.02371.14771.14481.243
TATA 0.0938-0.0422-0.0332-0.0196-0.0869-0.065-0.0957-0.121-0.0719-0.2021
M-score -1.65-2.80-2.92-2.69-2.99-2.78-2.99-3.18-2.89-3.61
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