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Goldcorp Inc (NYSE:GG)
Beneish M-Score
-2.44 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Goldcorp Inc has a M-score of -2.50 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

GG' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -6.82   Max: 6.51
Current: -2.44

-6.82
6.51

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Goldcorp Inc was 6.51. The lowest was -6.82. And the median was -2.43.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Goldcorp Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.175+0.528 * 1.3543+0.404 * 1.0673+0.892 * 0.9553+0.115 * 0.8702
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1+4.679 * -0.0595-0.327 * 1.1841
=-2.50

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $449 Mil.
Revenue was 859 + 906 + 898 + 970 = $3,633 Mil.
Gross Profit was 329 + 221 + 228 + -146 = $632 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,068 Mil.
Total Assets was $30,218 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $26,078 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $712 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $235 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,664 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,472 Mil.
Net Income was -44 + 181 + 98 + -1089 = $-854 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -4 + 11 + -7 + -102 = $-102 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 192 + 275 + 273 + 307 = $1,047 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $400 Mil.
Revenue was 895 + 858 + 964 + 1086 = $3,803 Mil.
Gross Profit was 386 + 173 + 344 + -7 = $896 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,667 Mil.
Total Assets was $29,933 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $25,343 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $600 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $246 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,979 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,481 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(449 / 3633) / (400 / 3803)
=0.12358932 / 0.10518012
=1.175

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(221 / 3803) / (329 / 3633)
=0.23560347 / 0.17396091
=1.3543

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (2068 + 26078) / 30218) / (1 - (2667 + 25343) / 29933)
=0.0685684 / 0.06424348
=1.0673

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=3633 / 3803
=0.9553

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(600 / (600 + 25343)) / (712 / (712 + 26078))
=0.02312763 / 0.02657708
=0.8702

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(235 / 3633) / (246 / 3803)
=0.06468483 / 0.06468577
=1

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((2472 + 1664) / 30218) / ((1481 + 1979) / 29933)
=0.13687206 / 0.11559149
=1.1841

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-854 - -102 - 1047) / 30218
=-0.0595

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Goldcorp Inc has a M-score of -2.50 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Goldcorp Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 2.22340.46771.78681.05431.38681.16040.74271.37931.04540.9015
GMI 0.98551.05991.09811.81650.84280.83510.90681.07961.5750.7293
AQI 5.56161.38610.5641.01731.02981.59710.73490.94990.9690.607
SGI 4.69321.90761.29051.09641.12561.37241.43450.86910.79120.9319
DEPI 1.72122.06960.78050.94541.00111.12410.90661.29340.87590.8265
SGAI 0.60350.99111.24070.93810.8651.00730.86761.2311.21751.1231
LVGI 1.2351.48931.0250.36112.68280.83980.88081.16391.98991.4784
TATA -0.0507-0.0308-0.0136-0.0336-0.0353-0.0016-0.028-0.0101-0.1226-0.1128
M-score 3.61-2.15-1.76-1.85-2.78-1.79-2.57-2.33-3.28-3.66

Goldcorp Inc Quarterly Data

Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14
DSRI 2.31471.37930.79761.21540.60831.04541.28051.20491.1750.8855
GMI 0.63981.08531.17151.36441.69981.91162.03791.61911.35430.6966
AQI 1.78540.94990.88260.86330.88020.9691.0081.01751.06730.607
SGI 0.98490.86910.82380.81920.74730.79120.82050.87570.95530.9487
DEPI 1.11021.29341.24591.05151.0420.87590.83930.91910.87020.8233
SGAI 1.12561.2311.1641.22081.34361.21751.26581.137211.1032
LVGI 1.21471.16391.89922.11671.92581.98991.28871.26771.18411.4784
TATA -0.0109-0.0101-0.0128-0.0734-0.0881-0.1226-0.1248-0.0601-0.0595-0.1128
M-score -1.29-2.33-3.13-3.05-3.51-3.10-2.57-2.47-2.50-3.67
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