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Golar LNG Ltd (NAS:GLNG)
Beneish M-Score
-2.28 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Golar LNG Ltd has a M-score of -2.28 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

GLNG' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -8.04   Max: 1403.09
Current: -2.28

-8.04
1403.09

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Golar LNG Ltd was 1403.09. The lowest was -8.04. And the median was -2.53.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Golar LNG Ltd for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.1547+0.528 * 5.1796+0.404 * 0.631+0.892 * 0.2783+0.115 * 2.3017
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 3.7146+4.679 * 0.0044-0.327 * 1.4193
=-2.28

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $1.33 Mil.
Revenue was 21.084 + 20.966 + 19.757 + 17.03 = $78.84 Mil.
Gross Profit was 6.058 + 1.085 + 1.932 + 2.256 = $11.33 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $541.24 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,406.74 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,945.53 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $43.67 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $22.44 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $223.27 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $656.88 Mil.
Net Income was -24.23 + 12.991 + 4.311 + -13.131 = $-20.06 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -6.304 + -9.578 + -29.281 + -15.381 = $-60.54 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 73.372 + -80.964 + 10.248 + 22.837 = $25.49 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $30.87 Mil.
Revenue was 27.926 + 35.115 + 99.158 + 121.126 = $283.33 Mil.
Gross Profit was 13.835 + 23.796 + 74.925 + 98.363 = $210.92 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $250.31 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,464.08 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,159.32 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $61.69 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $21.71 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $44.92 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $403.61 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(1.329 / 78.837) / (30.867 / 283.325)
=0.01685757 / 0.10894556
=0.1547

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(1.085 / 283.325) / (6.058 / 78.837)
=0.7444419 / 0.14372693
=5.1796

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (541.244 + 1945.531) / 3406.735) / (1 - (250.311 + 1159.319) / 2464.083)
=0.27004155 / 0.42792917
=0.631

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=78.837 / 283.325
=0.2783

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(61.693 / (61.693 + 1159.319)) / (43.667 / (43.667 + 1945.531))
=0.05052612 / 0.02195206
=2.3017

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(22.444 / 78.837) / (21.714 / 283.325)
=0.28468866 / 0.0766399
=3.7146

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((656.875 + 223.272) / 3406.735) / ((403.605 + 44.919) / 2464.083)
=0.25835499 / 0.18202471
=1.4193

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-20.059 - -60.544 - 25.493) / 3406.735
=0.0044

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Golar LNG Ltd has a M-score of -2.28 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Golar LNG Ltd Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
DSRI 0.31230.58638.48772.90521.98830.26991.19040.27250.10650.8648
GMI 0.98811.01310.97571.08121.22481.08840.82560.8451.00711.8256
AQI 1.03690.95831.02280.92810.83410.96210.45990.84673.8610.8469
SGI 1.23081.04671.40140.93731.01830.94631.12731.22871.36850.2433
DEPI 0.98630.83991.08760.8911.06181.02860.96091.08060.45693.4305
SGAI 0.96421.37810.79761.45650.93831.18391.01491.20060.54273.7718
LVGI 1.01320.99851.00260.97861.02350.93040.91770.88810.41621.14
TATA -0.0124-0.0197-0.01770.0066-0.0248-0.0083-0.0081-0.0185-0.04420.0008
M-score -2.96-3.004.72-0.82-1.61-3.21-2.52-3.16-1.81-3.14

Golar LNG Ltd Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
DSRI 0.16630.59740.11580.106544.5346289.79021527.60510.864830.27240.1547
GMI 0.92630.96140.98771.00730.95641.02141.19881.82563.50415.1796
AQI 0.76340.83360.83643.8614.65014.77654.95240.84690.78460.631
SGI 1.22171.26021.38041.36851.14890.81310.45740.24330.23640.2783
DEPI 1.14891.05050.94550.45690.51120.69861.02173.43052.56222.3017
SGAI 0.93890.70670.64940.54270.62110.91341.74693.77184.36593.7146
LVGI 0.92081.03070.92060.41620.31630.2870.34931.141.52081.4193
TATA -0.011-0.0219-0.0142-0.0442-0.0409-0.0439-0.0446-0.00490.0290.0044
M-score -3.18-2.76-3.01-1.8139.20264.591,403.09-3.1724.57-2.28
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