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Genuine Parts Co (NYSE:GPC)
Beneish M-Score
-2.57 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Genuine Parts Co has a M-score of -2.57 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

GPC' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.21   Max: -2.07
Current: -2.57

-3.21
-2.07

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Genuine Parts Co was -2.07. The lowest was -3.21. And the median was -2.44.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Genuine Parts Co for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0011+0.528 * 1.0134+0.404 * 0.9485+0.892 * 1.0508+0.115 * 0.9665
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9836+4.679 * -0.0218-0.327 * 1.069
=-2.57

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun15) TTM:Last Year (Jun14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $2,008 Mil.
Revenue was 3940.401 + 3736.051 + 3822.454 + 3985.909 = $15,485 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1178.33 + 1112.819 + 1146.541 + 1183.422 = $4,621 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,764 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,414 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $641 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $146 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $3,336 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,868 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $500 Mil.
Net Income was 195.373 + 161.01 + 165.559 + 190.516 = $712 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 18.601 + 0 = $19 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 331.596 + 122.512 + 200.822 + 222.221 = $877 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $1,909 Mil.
Revenue was 3908.387 + 3624.897 + 3517.801 + 3685.243 = $14,736 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1179.168 + 1084.63 + 1092.141 + 1100.923 = $4,457 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,512 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,252 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $661 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $145 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $3,228 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,507 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $500 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(2008.445 / 15484.815) / (1909.268 / 14736.328)
=0.12970417 / 0.12956199
=1.0011

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(1112.819 / 14736.328) / (1178.33 / 15484.815)
=0.30244047 / 0.29842862
=1.0134

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (5763.52 + 640.534) / 8413.633) / (1 - (5512.361 + 661.304) / 8251.548)
=0.23884795 / 0.25181736
=0.9485

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=15484.815 / 14736.328
=1.0508

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(144.745 / (144.745 + 661.304)) / (146.16 / (146.16 + 640.534))
=0.17957345 / 0.18579015
=0.9665

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(3336.188 / 15484.815) / (3227.904 / 14736.328)
=0.21544901 / 0.21904398
=0.9836

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((500 + 3867.622) / 8413.633) / ((500 + 3506.854) / 8251.548)
=0.51911249 / 0.48558816
=1.069

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(712.458 - 18.601 - 877.151) / 8413.633
=-0.0218

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Genuine Parts Co has a M-score of -2.57 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Genuine Parts Co Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 0.9820.96770.95540.99111.06171.03140.96330.97641.03291.032
GMI 0.993111.05560.99870.99281.0311.00280.9970.96851.0011
AQI 1.20810.43121.1951.6620.9471.06471.31831.52841.1161.0328
SGI 1.07541.0691.03681.01590.91311.11441.11161.04451.08181.0898
DEPI 0.98420.97990.85550.98541.10271.00861.03191.020.88830.9194
SGAI 0.99820.95550.91891.01371.03030.95670.98610.97731.05381.0073
LVGI 1.00031.03790.99740.98391.02121.06620.96731.02271.19241.0328
TATA -0.00060.008-0.0304-0.0115-0.0893-0.0378-0.0116-0.0403-0.0501-0.0118
M-score -2.35-2.65-2.52-2.26-2.94-2.50-2.32-2.44-2.67-2.43

Genuine Parts Co Quarterly Data

Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15
DSRI 0.98381.05051.03371.03291.01090.98471.02161.0321.01561.0011
GMI 1.00040.99470.98660.96850.96010.96790.9781.00111.01031.0134
AQI 1.17531.29071.32971.1161.28931.01020.99711.03280.96220.9485
SGI 1.02891.0431.05961.08181.1131.10221.09931.08981.06541.0508
DEPI 1.01950.92320.91040.88830.83030.83560.89080.91940.96340.9665
SGAI 0.98160.98431.01011.05381.06611.07381.0511.00730.99420.9836
LVGI 1.11831.1641.15531.19241.10171.04111.06331.03281.05211.069
TATA -0.0301-0.0358-0.0378-0.0501-0.0395-0.0352-0.015-0.0118-0.019-0.0218
M-score -2.57-2.51-2.51-2.67-2.52-2.63-2.50-2.43-2.53-2.57
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