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HCP Inc (NYSE:HCP)
Beneish M-Score
-2.37 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

HCP Inc has a M-score of -2.37 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

HCP' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.15   Max: -0.63
Current: -2.37

-3.15
-0.63

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of HCP Inc was -0.63. The lowest was -3.15. And the median was -2.55.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of HCP Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.2746+0.528 * 1.1041+0.404 * 0.8975+0.892 * 1.1308+0.115 * 1.047
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.1114+4.679 * -0.046-0.327 * 1.1329
=-2.37

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep15) TTM:Last Year (Sep14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $50 Mil.
Revenue was 657.953 + 607.532 + 610.791 + 603.528 = $2,480 Mil.
Gross Profit was 484.438 + 471.19 + 478.76 + 473.098 = $1,907 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,002 Mil.
Total Assets was $22,193 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $12,249 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $485 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $94 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $514 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $11,145 Mil.
Net Income was 115.362 + 164.885 + -240.614 + 196.583 = $236 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -0.974 + 11.116 + 7.988 + 5.066 = $23 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 273.674 + 363.918 + 230.068 + 365.599 = $1,233 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $35 Mil.
Revenue was 596.638 + 536.121 + 529.992 + 530.297 = $2,193 Mil.
Gross Profit was 497.039 + 457.254 + 454.285 + 454.005 = $1,863 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $591 Mil.
Total Assets was $20,745 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $10,840 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $450 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $75 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $406 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $9,215 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(49.994 / 2479.804) / (34.687 / 2193.048)
=0.02016046 / 0.0158168
=1.2746

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(471.19 / 2193.048) / (484.438 / 2479.804)
=0.84931246 / 0.76920837
=1.1041

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (1001.794 + 12249.349) / 22192.973) / (1 - (591.467 + 10840.024) / 20744.89)
=0.40291267 / 0.44894907
=0.8975

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=2479.804 / 2193.048
=1.1308

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(450.043 / (450.043 + 10840.024)) / (484.818 / (484.818 + 12249.349))
=0.03986185 / 0.03807222
=1.047

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(94.293 / 2479.804) / (75.033 / 2193.048)
=0.03802438 / 0.03421403
=1.1114

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((11144.88 + 514.403) / 22192.973) / ((9214.637 + 405.589) / 20744.89)
=0.52535922 / 0.46373955
=1.1329

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(236.216 - 23.196 - 1233.259) / 22192.973
=-0.046

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

HCP Inc has a M-score of -2.37 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

HCP Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 110.8530.5931.29720.7310.56011.16560.72081.2247
GMI 1.52431.00541.03430.96920.9931.00940.95311.02440.99151.0333
AQI 1.06754.12780.6890.91051.11080.93631.73260.92471.06131.0564
SGI 1.21031.46651.69631.27090.99631.07951.38051.09811.1171.0792
DEPI 1.09811.19890.91460.87021.00751.00870.93311.12560.85110.9451
SGAI 0.731.01090.85440.84781.06870.98011.92940.3271.16190.7389
LVGI 1.23460.87681.50490.8140.97720.76251.21830.98790.99071.0684
TATA -0.03030.00760.01-0.0125-0.0321-0.02-0.0114-0.0103-0.0098-0.0158
M-score -2.15-0.70-2.20-2.65-2.32-2.69-2.57-2.17-2.70-2.22

HCP Inc Quarterly Data

Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15
DSRI 1.1620.76270.72590.81560.91821.20241.22471.271.24071.2746
GMI 0.99930.98750.99270.99460.99771.01161.03331.05621.07951.1041
AQI 0.97620.92261.06130.99910.97051.02951.05640.96090.92280.8975
SGI 1.10231.12861.10911.08731.0711.05511.07921.10781.12881.1308
DEPI 1.01750.96650.85110.87790.91950.9370.94510.93591.0341.047
SGAI 0.40640.51281.17011.18791.05560.61760.73890.7520.81881.1114
LVGI 1.01620.98570.99070.98750.98851.03221.06841.11571.16561.1329
TATA -0.0129-0.0129-0.0098-0.0096-0.0092-0.0085-0.0158-0.0393-0.04-0.046
M-score -2.21-2.60-2.70-2.66-2.56-2.22-2.22-2.31-2.34-2.37
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