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HRG Group Inc (NYSE:HRG)
Beneish M-Score
-2.73 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

HRG Group Inc has a M-score of -2.73 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

HRG' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -6.48   Max: 641.18
Current: -2.73

-6.48
641.18

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of HRG Group Inc was 641.18. The lowest was -6.48. And the median was -2.36.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of HRG Group Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.7477+0.528 * 1.0765+0.404 * 1.0952+0.892 * 1.0193+0.115 * 0.7828
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.8657+4.679 * -0.027-0.327 * 0.967
=-2.73

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar16) TTM:Last Year (Mar15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $2,342 Mil.
Revenue was 1269.5 + 1226.2 + 1452.5 + 1553.5 = $5,502 Mil.
Gross Profit was 513.5 + 431 + 592.1 + 739.9 = $2,277 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,732 Mil.
Total Assets was $35,455 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $665 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $260 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,603 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $848 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,232 Mil.
Net Income was -34.8 + -33.9 + -143.1 + -75.6 = $-287 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.5 + 106.7 + -15.1 + 39.8 = $132 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 72.4 + -88.9 + 448.5 + 105.2 = $537 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $3,073 Mil.
Revenue was 1143.8 + 1141.8 + 1512.4 + 1599.4 = $5,397 Mil.
Gross Profit was 413.5 + 409.3 + 714.5 + 866.8 = $2,404 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,353 Mil.
Total Assets was $31,455 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $944 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $266 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $1,817 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $871 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $5,624 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(2341.7 / 5501.7) / (3072.7 / 5397.4)
=0.42563208 / 0.56929262
=0.7477

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(2404.1 / 5397.4) / (2276.5 / 5501.7)
=0.44541816 / 0.41378119
=1.0765

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (3731.7 + 664.7) / 35455.1) / (1 - (5352.5 + 943.9) / 31455)
=0.87600091 / 0.79982833
=1.0952

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=5501.7 / 5397.4
=1.0193

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(266.2 / (266.2 + 943.9)) / (259.8 / (259.8 + 664.7))
=0.21998182 / 0.28101677
=0.7828

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(1603 / 5501.7) / (1816.6 / 5397.4)
=0.29136449 / 0.33656946
=0.8657

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((6232 + 847.5) / 35455.1) / ((5623.7 + 871.3) / 31455)
=0.19967508 / 0.20648546
=0.967

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(-287.4 - 131.9 - 537.2) / 35455.1
=-0.027

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

HRG Group Inc has a M-score of -2.73 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

HRG Group Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Sep11Sep12Sep13Sep14Sep15
DSRI 1111190.87520.72981.20050.85871.1118
GMI 111110.39920.78041.03420.99951.0986
AQI 0.16020.14170.14170.13131.82992.19370.96670.94960.94561.0193
SGI 0000031.64611.28841.23721.07570.9753
DEPI 1.1650.99860.99865.99154.10783.20160.56952.06431.06191.0199
SGAI 111112.03291.07070.85941.16080.9849
LVGI 0.1950.11470.11470.231810.54691.6990.98011.82640.97141.1308
TATA -0.1517-0.0012-0.0012-0.078-0.0183-0.0108-0.0157-0.0165-0.0194-0.0327
M-score -4.14-3.44-3.44-3.26-5.89107.50-2.73-2.29-2.67-2.53

HRG Group Inc Quarterly Data

Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16
DSRI 0.88631.04161.17260.85871.06584.98985.24671.22193.62750.7477
GMI 1.04221.03921.00910.99951.06291.11571.20271.24281.17111.0765
AQI 0.97041.01751.11630.94561.00781.01440.93021.01930.99911.0952
SGI 1.28521.18971.13591.07570.95950.93690.89920.88740.96091.0193
DEPI 1.92030.91081.13381.06191.17851.19450.83391.01990.7410.7828
SGAI 0.9450.95381.05411.16281.05671.00210.87840.85340.84290.8657
LVGI 1.21541.091.05230.97140.9990.97381.13391.13080.96860.967
TATA -0.0177-0.0172-0.0195-0.0194-0.0261-0.0282-0.0277-0.0326-0.0284-0.027
M-score -2.36-2.36-2.25-2.67-2.531.101.24-2.41-0.13-2.73
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