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Icon PLC (NAS:ICLR)
Beneish M-Score
-2.65 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Icon PLC has a M-score of -2.65 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

ICLR' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -4.47   Max: -1.08
Current: -2.65

-4.47
-1.08

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Icon PLC was -1.08. The lowest was -4.47. And the median was -2.39.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Icon PLC for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0528+0.528 * 0.9441+0.404 * 1.1162+0.892 * 1.0477+0.115 * 0.9435
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9271+4.679 * -0.0233-0.327 * 1.5229
=-2.65

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec15) TTM:Last Year (Dec14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $409 Mil.
Revenue was 403.349 + 394.741 + 388.657 + 388.231 = $1,575 Mil.
Gross Profit was 173.963 + 168.186 + 163.696 + 160.153 = $666 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $864 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,719 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $150 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $58 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $327 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $572 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $350 Mil.
Net Income was 63.542 + 61.542 + 58.584 + 55.869 = $240 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 116.104 + 74.236 + 28.078 + 61.113 = $280 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $371 Mil.
Revenue was 390.073 + 387.589 + 376.02 + 349.634 = $1,503 Mil.
Gross Profit was 160.197 + 157.626 + 148.832 + 133.494 = $600 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $820 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,529 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $148 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $53 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $336 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $538 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(409.165 / 1574.978) / (370.956 / 1503.316)
=0.25979093 / 0.2467585
=1.0528

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(168.186 / 1503.316) / (173.963 / 1574.978)
=0.3992168 / 0.42286178
=0.9441

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (864.433 + 150.218) / 1718.903) / (1 - (819.507 + 148.185) / 1528.85)
=0.40971015 / 0.36704582
=1.1162

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=1574.978 / 1503.316
=1.0477

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(52.542 / (52.542 + 148.185)) / (57.677 / (57.677 + 150.218))
=0.26175851 / 0.27743332
=0.9435

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(326.787 / 1574.978) / (336.461 / 1503.316)
=0.20748671 / 0.22381256
=0.9271

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((350 + 571.8) / 1718.903) / ((0 + 538.359) / 1528.85)
=0.53627226 / 0.3521333
=1.5229

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(239.537 - 0 - 279.531) / 1718.903
=-0.0233

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Icon PLC has a M-score of -2.65 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Icon PLC Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
DSRI 0.9640.86681.18180.88860.84741.16191.20241.00170.96241.0528
GMI 1.02850.9991.00781.01551.07391.1290.99070.97020.91990.9441
AQI 0.8551.18431.14270.94850.98141.39071.0560.96451.23641.1162
SGI 1.39471.38441.37181.02581.0141.05081.1791.19831.12521.0477
DEPI 1.25831.44040.89220.90080.93270.8860.9210.90390.8570.9435
SGAI 0.94350.99430.96460.90480.99381.04650.93080.93310.95250.9271
LVGI 1.12331.14451.07940.75350.79951.12991.15461.01031.01351.5229
TATA -0.02550.0188-0.0036-0.177-0.00040.0026-0.0483-0.08210.0016-0.0233
M-score -2.32-2.09-1.97-3.31-2.52-2.11-2.39-2.72-2.35-2.65

Icon PLC Quarterly Data

Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16
DSRI 1.00171.11421.09770.91670.96240.95141.25990.96811.0528
GMI 0.97020.96010.9420.92890.91990.9160.92490.93580.9441
AQI 0.96450.8471.14161.14031.23641.42981.07891.00571.1162
SGI 1.19831.16061.14071.12971.12521.12641.1021.07081.0477
DEPI 0.90390.92240.92770.88670.8570.81810.83460.88560.9435
SGAI 0.93310.94660.96640.95060.95250.94310.91680.92910.9271
LVGI 1.01030.96980.93410.97621.01351.03381.0611.47191.5229
TATA -0.0821-0.04750.0089-0.020.0016-0.0002-0.04-0.0096-0.0233
M-score -2.72-2.53-2.18-2.51-2.35-2.31-2.37-2.68-2.65
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