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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Johnson Outdoors Inc was -2.20. The lowest was -3.48. And the median was -2.66.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Johnson Outdoors Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.9959||+||0.528 * 0.9936||+||0.404 * 0.9554||+||0.892 * 1.0119||+||0.115 * 0.9204|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0693||+||4.679 * -0.0205||-||0.327 * 1.0923|
|This Year (Sep15) TTM:||Last Year (Sep14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $44.8 Mil.|
Revenue was 85.673 + 140.883 + 133.111 + 70.822 = $430.5 Mil.
Gross Profit was 33.711 + 58.752 + 51.936 + 27.334 = $171.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $209.4 Mil.
Total Assets was $299.2 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $45.3 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $11.7 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $137.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $69.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7.1 Mil.
Net Income was 1.167 + 9.997 + 3.646 + -4.194 = $10.6 Mil.
Non Operating Income was -1.261 + -0.115 + -0.495 + 0.572 = $-1.3 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 20.105 + 55.793 + -25.692 + -32.15 = $18.1 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $44.5 Mil.
Revenue was 84.904 + 137.133 + 124.273 + 79.1 = $425.4 Mil.
Gross Profit was 34.019 + 55.819 + 48.846 + 29.929 = $168.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $197.6 Mil.
Total Assets was $288.6 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $46.1 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $10.7 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $127.0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $60.2 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7.4 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(44.798 / 430.489)||/||(44.452 / 425.41)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(58.752 / 425.41)||/||(33.711 / 430.489)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (209.37 + 45.287) / 299.204)||/||(1 - (197.55 + 46.1) / 288.626)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(10.743 / (10.743 + 46.1))||/||(11.702 / (11.702 + 45.287))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(137.397 / 430.489)||/||(126.98 / 425.41)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((7.062 + 69.554) / 299.204)||/||((7.431 + 60.232) / 288.626)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(10.616 - -1.299||-||18.056)||/||299.204|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Johnson Outdoors Inc has a M-score of -2.64 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Johnson Outdoors Inc Annual Data
Johnson Outdoors Inc Quarterly Data