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KLA-Tencor Corp (NAS:KLAC)
Beneish M-Score
-2.96 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

KLA-Tencor Corp has a M-score of -2.96 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

KLAC' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -4.15   Max: -0.16
Current: -2.96

-4.15
-0.16

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of KLA-Tencor Corp was -0.16. The lowest was -4.15. And the median was -2.61.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of KLA-Tencor Corp for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.1825+0.528 * 1.0361+0.404 * 1.1112+0.892 * 0.9578+0.115 * 0.9774
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0839+4.679 * -0.0113-0.327 * 2.8579
=-2.96

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $632 Mil.
Revenue was 738.459 + 676.357 + 642.901 + 734.343 = $2,792 Mil.
Gross Profit was 418.177 + 393.144 + 354.434 + 407.678 = $1,573 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,967 Mil.
Total Assets was $4,902 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $321 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $83 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $401 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $977 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,199 Mil.
Net Income was 131.638 + 20.268 + 72.233 + 128.731 = $353 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + -131.669 + 0 + 2.648 = $-129 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 242.417 + 11.084 + 34.926 + 248.64 = $537 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $558 Mil.
Revenue was 831.599 + 705.129 + 658.337 + 720.032 = $2,915 Mil.
Gross Profit was 488.773 + 419.315 + 380.68 + 413.228 = $1,702 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,542 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,487 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $326 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $81 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $387 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $888 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $748 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(631.608 / 2792.06) / (557.661 / 2915.097)
=0.22621577 / 0.19130101
=1.1825

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(393.144 / 2915.097) / (418.177 / 2792.06)
=0.5838557 / 0.56353839
=1.0361

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (3967.111 + 321.081) / 4902.22) / (1 - (4542.329 + 326.049) / 5486.851)
=0.12525509 / 0.11271912
=1.1112

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=2792.06 / 2915.097
=0.9578

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(81.487 / (81.487 + 326.049)) / (82.58 / (82.58 + 321.081))
=0.19995043 / 0.2045776
=0.9774

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(401.341 / 2792.06) / (386.59 / 2915.097)
=0.14374369 / 0.13261651
=1.0839

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((3199.299 + 976.615) / 4902.22) / ((747.783 + 887.647) / 5486.851)
=0.85184141 / 0.2980635
=2.8579

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(352.87 - -129.021 - 537.067) / 4902.22
=-0.0113

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

KLA-Tencor Corp has a M-score of -2.96 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

KLA-Tencor Corp Annual Data

Jun05Jun06Jun07Jun08Jun09Jun10Jun11Jun12Jun13Jun14
DSRI 0.64291.32731.00220.91730.70781.74870.75991.20350.83470.9117
GMI 0.93331.06720.9661.03371.2660.7810.91481.03911.02830.9751
AQI 0.40821.24281.53491.4060.84720.83920.74290.81350.92360.941
SGI 1.39050.99461.3190.92330.60281.19771.74390.9990.89621.0305
DEPI 1.17461.02980.67180.84780.82581.17851.07561.00581.1181.1088
SGAI 0.83391.36160.91620.98491.47470.72680.58621.00981.16110.9632
LVGI 0.90.9450.99281.60731.06341.04480.89660.90630.96410.9752
TATA -0.01550.0134-0.0209-0.0688-0.2002-0.059-0.0037-0.0357-0.07-0.0359
M-score -2.73-2.03-2.11-2.98-4.08-2.02-2.09-2.49-3.07-2.71

KLA-Tencor Corp Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
DSRI 1.12780.74850.83470.9131.05111.26990.91170.96151.07521.1825
GMI 1.03171.01931.02831.01530.98550.97870.97510.9931.01881.0361
AQI 0.86750.88860.92360.91850.8840.92620.9410.98691.10961.1112
SGI 0.98780.95060.89620.8980.89950.96681.03051.0481.02580.9578
DEPI 1.05531.08781.1181.16881.18621.16211.10881.03050.98770.9774
SGAI 1.00731.09051.16111.15311.15731.04210.96320.95150.98611.0839
LVGI 0.89940.91930.96410.98911.02110.98790.97520.97792.70242.8579
TATA -0.0315-0.0676-0.07-0.0617-0.0609-0.0214-0.0359-0.0180.0043-0.0113
M-score -2.52-3.09-3.07-2.97-2.87-2.39-2.71-2.55-2.87-2.96
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