KW has been removed from your Stock Email Alerts list.
Please enter Portfolio Name for new portfolio.
The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
During the past 8 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Kennedy-Wilson Holdings Inc was 1628.83. The lowest was -4.00. And the median was -1.78.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Kennedy-Wilson Holdings Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 0.6789||+||0.528 * 0.9455||+||0.404 * 0.8515||+||0.892 * 2.5736||+||0.115 * 0.4147|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 0.8091||+||4.679 * -0.0224||-||0.327 * 1.2241|
|This Year (Jun15) TTM:||Last Year (Jun14) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $64.3 Mil.|
Revenue was 140.5 + 137.7 + 141.6 + 113.7 = $533.5 Mil.
Gross Profit was 140.5 + 136.2 + 135.5 + 112.6 = $524.8 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,510.0 Mil.
Total Assets was $7,347.0 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $5,007.3 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $146.5 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $361.9 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $320.0 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,980.4 Mil.
Net Income was 31.8 + -1.5 + -28.8 + -0.2 = $1.3 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 88.4 + -7.5 + -7.1 + 21.7 = $95.5 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 53.9 + -16.6 + 12.4 + 20.6 = $70.3 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $36.8 Mil.
Revenue was 92 + 51.5 + 30.3 + 33.5 = $207.3 Mil.
Gross Profit was 88.1 + 41.8 + 30.3 + 32.6 = $192.8 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,081.4 Mil.
Total Assets was $5,354.7 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $3,563.1 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $42.5 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $173.8 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $285.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,274.7 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(64.3 / 533.5)||/||(36.8 / 207.3)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(136.2 / 207.3)||/||(140.5 / 533.5)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (1510 + 5007.3) / 7347)||/||(1 - (1081.4 + 3563.1) / 5354.7)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(42.5 / (42.5 + 3563.1))||/||(146.5 / (146.5 + 5007.3))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(361.9 / 533.5)||/||(173.8 / 207.3)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((3980.4 + 320) / 7347)||/||((2274.7 + 285.7) / 5354.7)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(1.3 - 95.5||-||70.3)||/||7347|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Kennedy-Wilson Holdings Inc has a M-score of -1.67 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Kennedy-Wilson Holdings Inc Annual Data
Kennedy-Wilson Holdings Inc Quarterly Data