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Lamar Advertising Co (NAS:LAMR)
Beneish M-Score
-2.63 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

Lamar Advertising Co has a M-score of -2.63 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

LAMR' s 10-Year Beneish M-Score Range
Min: -3.4   Max: -1.38
Current: -2.63

-3.4
-1.38

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Lamar Advertising Co was -1.38. The lowest was -3.40. And the median was -2.84.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Lamar Advertising Co for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9476+0.528 * 0.9878+0.404 * 1.0116+0.892 * 1.049+0.115 * 1.2788
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.0327+4.679 * -0.0369-0.327 * 1.005
=-2.63

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun15) TTM:Last Year (Jun14) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $183 Mil.
Revenue was 344.249 + 302.477 + 336.696 + 334.998 = $1,318 Mil.
Gross Profit was 228.298 + 189.245 + 221.6 + 222.61 = $862 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $317 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,370 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,086 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $216 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $309 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $231 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,923 Mil.
Net Income was 59.36 + 40.716 + 207.883 + 35.05 = $343 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 133.486 + 54.731 + 149.325 + 129.772 = $467 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $184 Mil.
Revenue was 330.433 + 284.933 + 320.352 + 321.141 = $1,257 Mil.
Gross Profit was 216.156 + 173.425 + 210.39 + 211.501 = $811 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $332 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,376 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $1,096 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $295 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $285 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $235 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,912 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(183.31 / 1318.42) / (184.405 / 1256.859)
=0.13903764 / 0.14671892
=0.9476

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(189.245 / 1256.859) / (228.298 / 1318.42)
=0.64563487 / 0.65362555
=0.9878

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (316.696 + 1086.325) / 3369.706) / (1 - (332.161 + 1096.242) / 3376.47)
=0.58363697 / 0.57695374
=1.0116

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=1318.42 / 1256.859
=1.049

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(294.845 / (294.845 + 1096.242)) / (215.815 / (215.815 + 1086.325))
=0.21195295 / 0.16573871
=1.2788

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(308.843 / 1318.42) / (285.103 / 1256.859)
=0.23425236 / 0.2268377
=1.0327

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1922.887 + 230.939) / 3369.706) / ((1912.231 + 235.242) / 3376.47)
=0.63917327 / 0.63601128
=1.005

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(343.009 - 0 - 467.314) / 3369.706
=-0.0369

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Lamar Advertising Co has a M-score of -2.63 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Lamar Advertising Co Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
DSRI 1.1281.0141.06941.06231.04310.95771.00651.04160.95831.0151
GMI 1.00561.00470.98331.04341.01830.98140.99390.99050.99361.0024
AQI 0.99640.96480.94650.99541.00141.03761.0111.00261.01541.0067
SGI 1.15641.09631.07990.99080.88121.03431.03771.04081.0561.0331
DEPI 1.03171.03331.06370.97750.89140.96970.99251.00060.94911.0973
SGAI 0.97691.06741.00580.96161.01061.03890.97331.02041.03431.0052
LVGI 0.94961.19391.311.02151.0010.98090.95870.99410.93681.016
TATA -0.0809-0.0845-0.0793-0.0841-0.0904-0.0947-0.0903-0.0929-0.1-0.0509
M-score -2.58-2.86-2.84-2.81-2.97-2.93-2.84-2.85-2.92-2.67

Lamar Advertising Co Quarterly Data

Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15
DSRI 1.04951.06161.0340.95830.97351.00150.97241.01510.99850.9476
GMI 0.98990.98970.99410.99360.99691.00330.99991.00240.99460.9878
AQI 0.99591.00430.96961.01541.00771.0231.04331.00671.01391.0116
SGI 1.03981.04921.05341.0561.05381.03621.03491.03311.04021.049
DEPI 0.99741.00011.00140.94910.96360.96830.99881.09731.17111.2788
SGAI 1.05571.04161.0511.03430.97450.97370.96361.00521.02061.0327
LVGI 0.96930.96550.98260.93680.94860.97380.98541.0161.01891.005
TATA -0.1022-0.0991-0.1027-0.1-0.0982-0.0989-0.0899-0.0509-0.0372-0.0369
M-score -2.88-2.84-2.90-2.92-2.90-2.89-2.87-2.67-2.61-2.63
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