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LHC Group Inc (NAS:LHCG)
Beneish M-Score
-2.46 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.

LHC Group Inc has a M-score of -2.46 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.

LHCG' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.43   Max: -1.6
Current: -2.46

-3.43
-1.6

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of LHC Group Inc was -1.60. The lowest was -3.43. And the median was -2.65.


Definition

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of LHC Group Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 1.0792+0.528 * 1.0232+0.404 * 1.0238+0.892 * 1.1257+0.115 * 1.1514
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 0.9784+4.679 * -0.0155-0.327 * 1.4152
=-2.46

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun16) TTM:Last Year (Jun15) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $121.6 Mil.
Revenue was 226.031 + 222.552 + 218.993 + 204.122 = $871.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 88.903 + 86.951 + 90.053 + 83.249 = $349.2 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $173.5 Mil.
Total Assets was $619.6 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $45.9 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $12.1 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $263.5 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $91.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $110.4 Mil.
Net Income was 9.464 + 7.686 + 7.735 + 8.845 = $33.7 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0 + 0 + 0.457 + 0 = $0.5 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 13.711 + 17.161 + 8.315 + 3.668 = $42.9 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $100.1 Mil.
Revenue was 200.172 + 193.079 + 193.371 + 187.713 = $774.3 Mil.
Gross Profit was 83.533 + 78.653 + 80.579 + 74.591 = $317.4 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $153.1 Mil.
Total Assets was $509.0 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $34.8 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $11.0 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $239.2 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $76.4 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $40.7 Mil.



1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of days’ sales in receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(121.644 / 871.698) / (100.124 / 774.335)
=0.13954833 / 0.12930321
=1.0792

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(317.356 / 774.335) / (349.156 / 871.698)
=0.40984328 / 0.40054698
=1.0232

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than plant, property and equipment to total assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (173.537 + 45.894) / 619.645) / (1 - (153.136 + 34.765) / 509.045)
=0.64587627 / 0.63087546
=1.0238

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=871.698 / 774.335
=1.1257

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(10.959 / (10.959 + 34.765)) / (12.065 / (12.065 + 45.894))
=0.23967719 / 0.20816439
=1.1514

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(263.462 / 871.698) / (239.191 / 774.335)
=0.30224 / 0.3088986
=0.9784

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((110.423 + 91.306) / 619.645) / ((40.66 + 76.443) / 509.045)
=0.32555576 / 0.2300445
=1.4152

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(33.73 - 0.457 - 42.855) / 619.645
=-0.0155

An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

LHC Group Inc has a M-score of -2.46 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.


Related Terms

Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

LHC Group Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
DSRI 1.02391.02650.68430.87710.89741.13650.91531.02640.98341.0171
GMI 0.95860.9980.9511.04411.01761.08751.04181.02121.02480.9913
AQI 1.26091.36131.31941.02811.01450.92821.05441.01311.05551.0511
SGI 1.40371.36381.28371.39051.18721.00361.00581.03251.11451.1128
DEPI 0.85140.88251.04531.00940.84541.03571.00760.98890.97980.9033
SGAI 1.00571.10120.9050.99520.99021.36040.73951.00940.98260.9551
LVGI 0.80390.87461.54970.85910.76141.61770.82881.01321.26411.2051
TATA -0.0210.0366-0.1851-0.0164-0.0671-0.0294-0.1228-0.0565-0.0347-0.0496
M-score -2.07-1.80-3.44-2.24-2.64-2.73-2.98-2.68-2.61-2.65

LHC Group Inc Quarterly Data

Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16
DSRI 1.00951.07291.00070.98341.0040.89210.95931.01711.08351.0792
GMI 1.02691.03141.02461.02481.01231.00270.99120.99131.00331.0232
AQI 1.06171.00181.02771.05550.95230.99210.87281.05111.04611.0238
SGI 1.031.05171.07741.11451.15611.13441.12081.11281.10851.1257
DEPI 0.97170.96750.96270.97980.96690.88840.93640.90330.92381.1514
SGAI 1.02211.01111.0070.98260.95310.94910.94890.95460.96550.9784
LVGI 1.39051.37371.40241.26410.86710.79121.06451.20511.32791.4152
TATA -0.0385-0.043-0.0641-0.0347-0.0628-0.07-0.0474-0.0496-0.0373-0.0155
M-score -2.72-2.68-2.82-2.61-2.60-2.72-2.71-2.65-2.57-2.46
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