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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company is not an accounting manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely an accounting manipulator.
Mitcham Industries Inc has a M-score of -3.26 suggests that the company is not a manipulator.
During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Mitcham Industries Inc was 18.79. The lowest was -24.03. And the median was -2.77.
The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Z-Score) or business trend (F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.
The M-Score Variables:
The M-score of Mitcham Industries Inc for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:
|M||=||-4.84||+||0.92 * DSRI||+||0.528 * GMI||+||0.404 * AQI||+||0.892 * SGI||+||0.115 * DEPI|
|=||-4.84||+||0.92 * 1.0874||+||0.528 * 1.1399||+||0.404 * 1.1459||+||0.892 * 0.9302||+||0.115 * 1.1307|
|-||0.172 * SGAI||+||4.679 * TATA||-||0.327 * LVGI|
|-||0.172 * 1.0984||+||4.679 * -0.13||-||0.327 * 1.9753|
|This Year (Apr14) TTM:||Last Year (Apr13) TTM:|
|Accounts Receivable was $30.40 Mil.|
Revenue was 25.732 + 23.647 + 20.275 + 20.895 = $90.55 Mil.
Gross Profit was 11.243 + 8.165 + 4.953 + 4.3 = $28.66 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $56.53 Mil.
Total Assets was $195.05 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $124.30 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $32.29 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $23.75 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $6.20 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $15.13 Mil.
Net Income was 3.737 + 1.782 + -2.628 + -0.693 = $2.20 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 0.189 + 0.009 + -0.517 + 1 = $0.68 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 14.058 + 2.525 + 2.729 + 7.571 = $26.88 Mil.
|Accounts Receivable was $30.05 Mil.
Revenue was 27.291 + 28.401 + 18.573 + 23.08 = $97.35 Mil.
Gross Profit was 14.597 + 8.773 + 4.354 + 7.4 = $35.12 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $66.87 Mil.
Total Assets was $190.84 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $111.83 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $34.01 Mil.
Selling, General & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $23.24 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $8.37 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2.20 Mil.
1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index
A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.
|DSRI||=||(Receivables_t / Revenue_t)||/||(Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)|
|=||(30.398 / 90.549)||/||(30.054 / 97.345)|
2. GMI = Gross Margin Index
Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.
Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.
|=||(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)||/||(GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)|
|=||(8.165 / 97.345)||/||(11.243 / 90.549)|
3. AQI = Asset Quality Index
AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.
|AQI||=||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||(1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||(1 - (56.534 + 124.296) / 195.049)||/||(1 - (66.865 + 111.829) / 190.835)|
4. SGI = Sales Growth Index
Ratio of sales in year t to sales in year t-1.
Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.
5. DEPI = Depreciation Index
Measured as the ratio of the rate of depreciation in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.
DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.
|DEPI||=||(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1))||/||(Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))|
|=||(34.008 / (34.008 + 111.829))||/||(32.293 / (32.293 + 124.296))|
6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index
The ratio of SGA expenses in year t relative to year t-1.
SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.
|SGAI||=||(SGA_t / Sales_t)||/||(SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)|
|=||(23.749 / 90.549)||/||(23.244 / 97.345)|
7. LVGI = Leverage Index
The ratio of total debt to total assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.
An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase$sgai= in leverage
|LVGI||=||((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t)||/||((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)|
|=||((15.127 + 6.203) / 195.049)||/||((2.199 + 8.366) / 190.835)|
8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets
Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.
|=||(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t||-||CashFlowsfromOperations_t)||/||TotalAssets_t|
|=||(2.198 - 0.681||-||26.883)||/||195.049|
An M-Score of less than -2.22 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -2.22 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.
Mitcham Industries Inc has a M-score of -3.26 suggests that the company will not be a manipulator.
Altman Z-Score, Piotroski F-Score, Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Current Assets, Total Assets, Property, Plant and Equipment, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Selling, General & Admin. Expense, Total Current Liabilities, Long-Term Debt, Net Income, Non Operating Income, Cash Flow from Operations
Mitcham Industries Inc Annual Data
Mitcham Industries Inc Quarterly Data